Current Psychology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 432–435 | Cite as

Assessing “Clutter” and Related Constructs with a Non-White, Urban Sample

  • Vincent ProhaskaEmail author
  • Denise Celestino
  • Tiffany Dangleben
  • Pamela Sanchez
  • Alana Sandoval


How does the clutter in people’s lives affect their sense of home and well-being? Why do some people (specifically non-white individuals) have too much clutter, and too many possessions, and is clutter related to procrastination? We examined the relation of clutter to psychological sense of home, subjective well-being, procrastination (both decisional and routine), and the need for cognition. Our participants (n = 192) were predominantly non-White, urban college students. Results confirmed prior research indicting negative relations between clutter and both the psychological sense of home and subjective well-being, plus a negative relation between clutter and need for cognition. Clutter was positively related to both forms of procrastination examined. The two forms of procrastination differed in their relation to need for cognition, supporting the view of decisional and routine procrastination as two distinct sub-types of procrastination.


Clutter Home Well-being Procrastination 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Data Availability

The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


  1. Cacioppo, J. T., Petty, R. E., & Kao, C. F. (1984). The efficient assessment of need for cognition. Journal of Personality Assessment, 48, 306–307.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ferrari, J. R. (2010). Still procrastinating? The no regrets guide to getting it done. New York: J. Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  4. Ferrari, J. R., Johnson, J. L., & McCown, W. G. (1995). Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research, and treatment. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ferrari, J. R., & Roster, C. A. (2018). Delaying disposing: Examining the relationship between procrastination and clutter across generations. Current Psychology (this issue).Google Scholar
  6. Ferraro, R., Escalas, J. E., & Bettman, J. R. (2011). Our possessions, our selves: Domains of self-worth and the possession-self link. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 21, 169–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mann, L. (1982). Decision-making questionnaire. Unpublished inventory. Flinders University of South Australia, Australia. In J. R. Ferrari, J. L. Johnson, & W. G. McCown, (Eds.). Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research, and treatment. (Pp. ) New York: Plenum press (1995).Google Scholar
  8. McCown, W. G., & Johnson, J. L. (1989). Validation of an adult inventory of procrastination. Paper presented at the Society for Personality Assessment, New York. In J. R. Ferrari, J. L. Johnson, & W. G. McCown, (Eds.). Procrastination and task avoidance: Theory, research, and treatment. (Pp. ) New York: Plenum press (1995).Google Scholar
  9. Peterson, N. A., Speer, P. W., & McMillan, D. W. (2008). Validation of a brief sense of community scale: Confirmation of the principal theory of sense of community. Journal of Community Psychology, 36, 61–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Roster, C. A., Ferrari, J. R., & Jurkat, M. P. (2016). The dark side of home: Assessing possession ‘clutter’ on subjective well-being. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 46, 32–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sigmon, S. T., Whitcomb, S. R., & Synder, C. R. (2002). Psychological home. In A. T. Fisher, C. C. Sonn, & B. J. Bishop (Eds.), Psychological sense of community: Research, applications and implications (pp. 25–40). New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Williams, D. R., & Roggenbuck, J. W. (1989). Measuring place attachment: Some preliminary results. Paper presented at the NRPA symposium on leisure research. Texas: San Antonio.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Lehman CollegeCity University of New YorkBronxUSA
  2. 2.Queens CollegeCity University of New YorkFlushingUSA

Personalised recommendations