Current Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 563–571 | Cite as

Indirect Effects of Fluid Intelligence on Creative Aptitude Through Openness to Experience

  • Xiqin Liu
  • Ling Liu
  • Zhencai Chen
  • Yiying SongEmail author
  • Jia Liu


The intelligence-creativity relationship has been extensively investigated. While previous studies mainly focused on the relationship between intelligence and creative achievement or creative process, the present study examined the relationship between intelligence and creative aptitude. We measured participants’ creative aptitude with the Williams Creative Aptitude Test and fluid intelligence (i.e., Gf) with the Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices. We found that Gf was positively correlated with creative aptitude of curiosity and imagination. Further analyses showed that Gf has an indirect effect on creative aptitude of curiosity and imagination through the personality of Openness to Experience measured by the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. These results suggest that Openness to Experience plays a critical role in the process through which Gf may influence creative aptitude.


Creative aptitude Fluid intelligence Personality Openness to experience Indirect effect 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31230031), the National Basic Research Program of China (2014CB846101), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91132703 and 31471067). We wish to thank members in Liu Lab for their help in data collection.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

We declare that we have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiqin Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ling Liu
    • 3
  • Zhencai Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yiying Song
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jia Liu
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain ResearchBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Center for Collaboration and Innovation in Brain and Learning SciencesBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Psychology & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain ResearchPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of PsychologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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