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Current Psychology

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 488–497 | Cite as

The Role of Occupational Self-Efficacy in Mediating the Effect of Job Insecurity on Work Engagement, Satisfaction and General Health

  • Cinzia GuarnacciaEmail author
  • Fabrizio Scrima
  • Alba Civilleri
  • Laura Salerno
Article

Abstract

This study explores the associations among job insecurity, occupational self-efficacy, work engagement, job satisfaction and health and the mediation role of occupational self-efficacy. Two hundred and forty-one workers, were asked to fill in the Occupational Self-Efficacy Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Satisfaction Scale of Occupational Stress Inventory and the General Health Questionnaire. Mediation analysis was performed using the boot-strapping method. Job insecurity was negatively related to work engagement, job satisfaction and general health. Occupational self-efficacy mediated the relationship between job insecurity, work engagement, job satisfaction and health on employees in the private and public sectors. The originality of this work is that it shows the effect of job insecurity on engagement, satisfaction and health, and the mediational role of occupational self-efficacy. In a time of economic crisis, when it is not possible to guarantee permanent contracts, Human Resource managers might consider occupational self-efficacy as a resource when planning interventions.

Keywords

General health Job insecurity Job satisfaction Occupational self-efficacy Work engagement 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

This study was not funded.

Conflict of Interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cinzia Guarnaccia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fabrizio Scrima
    • 2
  • Alba Civilleri
    • 3
  • Laura Salerno
    • 4
  1. 1.Parisian Laboratory of Social Psychology (LAPPS)University Paris 8 Vincennes Saint-DenisSaint Denis CedexFrance
  2. 2.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesUniversity of Rouen NormandyMont Saint Aignan CedexFrance
  3. 3.Department of Psychological and Cognitive SciencesUniversity of TrentoRoveretoItaly
  4. 4.Department of Psychological and Educational SciencesUniversity of PalermoPalermoItaly

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