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The Relationship between Psychological Capital, Coping with Stress, Well-Being, and Performance

Abstract

This study examined coping with stress from an organizational perspective by positing a relationship between Psychological Capital (PsyCap) and coping strategies (defined as change, accepting, or withdrawal). It was hypothesized that coping strategies would mediate the relationship between PsyCap and people’s well-being and performance. Questionnaire findings from a five hundred and fifty four employees showed a significant relationship between PsyCap and coping. Coping strategy in terms of change partially mediated the relationship between PsyCap and the outcomes of well-being and performance. Coping strategy in terms of withdrawal partially mediated the relationship between PsyCap and performance. PsyCap was found to have a strong, positive, and direct correlation with well-being and performance. Well-being was not found to associate significantly with performance. These findings suggest that the central variable in the model is not coping but PsyCap. PsyCap appears to have a strong, direct, and significant effect on the dependent variables. The theoretical implications are examined and future research avenues suggested.

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Appendix 1 Coping with stress questionnaire

Appendix 1 Coping with stress questionnaire

Following are questions that deal with your behavior in stressful situations. Please circle the most appropriate answer.

Table 3 Questions about your thoughts during stressful situations at work
Table 4 Questions about your feelings during stressful situations at work
Table 5 Questions about your behavior/actions during stressful situations at work

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Rabenu, E., Yaniv, E. & Elizur, D. The Relationship between Psychological Capital, Coping with Stress, Well-Being, and Performance. Curr Psychol 36, 875–887 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-016-9477-4

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Keywords

  • Positive psychological capital
  • Strategies of coping with stress
  • Well-being
  • performance