Current Psychology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 1–9 | Cite as

Eye color Predicts Disagreeableness in North Europeans: Support in Favor of Frost (2006)

  • Elliroma Gardiner
  • Chris J. JacksonEmail author


The current study investigates whether eye color provides a marker of Agreeableness in North Europeans. Extrapolating from Frost’s (2006) research uncovering an unusually diverse range of hair and eye color in northern Europe, we tested the hypothesis that light eyed individuals of North European descent would be less agreeable (a personality marker for competitiveness) when compared to their dark eyed counterparts, whereas there would be no such effect for people of European descent in general. The hypothesis was tested in Australia to provide consistent environmental conditions for both groups of people. Results support the hypothesis. Implications and conclusions are discussed.


Eye color Personality Melanin Competitiveness Agreeableness 



We would like to thank Dr Peter Frost for his comments on earlier versions of this manuscript.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.The Australian Business SchoolThe University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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