The present study employed constructs from self-determination theory, social-identity theory, and the theory of planned behaviour to examine the combined effects that social identity and perceived autonomy support exerted on attitudes, intentions and health behaviour. A prospective design was employed measuring constructs from the theory of planned behaviour, group norms, group identification, and perceived autonomy support at baseline and physical activity behaviour 5 weeks later. Self-report questionnaires were administered to 231 pupils (male = 113, female = 118, M = 14.21 years, SD = .90). Hierarchical regression analysis demonstrated that group norms predicted participation in physical activities and attitudes, but only for participants who identified strongly with their group. Perceived autonomy support predicted attitudes, intentions and behaviour. The effects of perceived autonomy support and social-identity constructs were independent. It was concluded that both social identity and perceived autonomy support should be included in the theory of planned behaviour.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Aiken, L., & West, S. (1992). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.
Armitage, C. J., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the theory of planned behavior: a meta-analytic review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 471–499.
Brehm, J. W. (1966). A theory of psychological reactance. New York: Academic Press.
Chaiken, S. (1980). Heuristic versus systematic information processing and the use of source versus message cues in persuasion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 752–766.
Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., & Hagger, M. (2005). Effects of a brief intervention based on the theory of planned behavior on leisure-time physical activity participation. Journal of Sport and Exercise
Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., Hagger, M., & Smith, B. (2007). Influences of perceived autonomy support on physical activity within the theory of planned behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 934–954.
Christian, J., & Abrams, D. (2003). The effects of social identification, norms and attitudes on use of outreach services by homeless people. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 13, 138–157.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum.
Deci, E. L., Eghrari, H., Patrick, B. C., & Leone, D. (1994). Facilitating internalization: the self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Personality, 62, 119–142.
Deci, E. L., La Guardia, J. G., Moller, A. C., Scheiner, M. J., & Ryan, R. M. (2006). On the benefits of giving as well as receiving autonomy support: Mutuality in close friendships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 313–327.
Festinger, L., & Carlsmith, J. M. (1959). “Cognitive consequences of forced compliance”. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203–211.
Godin, G., & Shephard, R. J. (1985). A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Science, 10, 141–146.
Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. (2005). The social psychology of exercise and sport. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. (2006). Self-identity and the theory of planned behaviour: between-and within-participants analyses. British Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 731–757.
Hagger, M., Chatzisarantis, N., & Biddle, S. (2002). A meta-analytic review of the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior: predictive validity and the contribution of additional variables. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 24, 3–32.
Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., Culverhouse, T., & Biddle, S. J. H. (2003). The process by which perceived autonomy support in physical education promotes leisure-time physical activity intentions and behavior: a trans-contextual model. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95, 784–795.
Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. L. D., Hein, V., Pihu, M., Soós, I., & Karsai, I. (2007). The perceived autonomy support scale for exercise settings (PASSES): Development, validity, and cross-cultural invariance in young people. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 632–653.
Jacobs, D. R., Ainsworth, B. E., Hartman, T. J., & Leon, A. S. (1993). A simultaneous evaluation of 10 commonly used physical activity questionnaires. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 25, 81–91.
Johnston, K. L., & White, K. M. (2003). Binge-drinking: a test of the role of group norms in the theory of planned behaviour. Psychology & Health, 18, 63–77.
Kline, P. (1993). The handbook of psychological testing. London: Routledge.
Rentzelas, P., & Hagger, M. (2007). The role of group norms upon the levels of intrinsic motivation: a SDT perspective. Proceedings of the Self Determination Theory, 3rd International Conference, 45–46.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). The darker and brighter sides of human existence: basic psychological needs as a unifying concept. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 319–338.
Stice, E., Shaw, H., & Marti, C. N. (2007). A meta-analytic review of eating disorder prevention programs: encouraging findings. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 3, 233–257.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (1989). Using multivariate statistics. New York: HarperCollins.
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1986). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin, & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations pp. 33–47. Monterey: Brooks-Cole.
Terry, D. J., & Hogg, M. A. (1996). Group norms and the attitude-behavior relationship: a role for group identification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 776–793.
Terry, D. J., Hogg, M. A., & White, K. M. (1999). The theory of planned behaviour: self-identity, social identity and group norms. British Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 225–244.
Turner, J. C. (1985). Social categorization and the self concept: A social cognitive theory pf group behavior. In E. J. Lawler (Ed.), Advances in group processes: theory and research (vol 2 (pp. 77–122). Greenwich: JAI.
Webb, T. L., & Sheeran, P. (2006). Does changing behavioral intentions engender behavior change? A meta-analysis of the experimental evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 249–268.
Williams, G. C., Gagné, M., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2002). Facilitating autonomous motivation for smoking cessation. Health Psychology, 21, 40–50.
About this article
Cite this article
Chatzisarantis, N.L.D., Hagger, M.S., Wang, C.K.J. et al. The Effects of Social Identity and Perceived Autonomy Support on Health Behaviour Within the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Curr Psychol 28, 55–68 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-009-9043-4
- Self-determination theory
- Social-identity theory
- Theory of planned behaviour
- Leisure-time physical activity