Beck, A. T. (1978). Depression inventory
. Philadelphia: Center for Cognitive Therapy.Google Scholar
Blaney, P. (1986). Affect and memory: A review. Psychological Bulletin, 99
, 229–246.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bower, G. H. (1981). Mood and memory. American Psychologist, 36
, 129–148.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125
, 276–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Emmons, R. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Counting blessings versus burdens: An experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
Fredrickson, B. F. (1998). What good are positive emotions? Review of General Psychology, 2
, 300–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frijda, N. H. (1988). The laws of emotion. American Psychologist, 23
, 349–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grim, D. L., Watkins, P. C., Brown, A., & Whitney, A. A. (2002, June). Involuntary memory bias in depression. Presentation to the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Society, New Orleans, LA, June, 2002.
Holmes, D. S. (1980). Differential change in affective intensity and the forgetting of unpleasant personal experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 15
, 234–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Masingale, A. M., Schoonover, S., Kraft, S., Burton, R., Waring, S., Fouad, B., Tracy, J., Phillips. S., Kolts, R. L., & Watkins, P. (2001, December). Gratitude and post-traumatic symptomatology in a college sample. Presentation at the Annual Convention of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, New Orleans, LA.
McAdams, D. P., Reynolds, J., Lewis, M., Patten, A. H., & Bowman, P. J. (2001). When bad things turn good and good things turn bad: Sequences of redemption and contamination in life narrative and their relation to psychosocial adaptation in midlife adults and in students. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27
, 474–485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCullough, M. E., Kilpatrick, S. D., Emmons, R. A., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Is gratitude a moral affect? Psychological Bulletin
, 249–266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myers, D., & Diener, E. (1995). Who is happy? Psychological Science, 6
, 10–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Payne, D. G. (1987). Hypermnesia and reminiscence in recall: A historical and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin, 101
, 5–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rachman, S. J. (1980). Emotional processing. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 18
, 51–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roediger, H. L., & Challis, B. H. (1989). Hymermnesia: Improvements in recall with repeated testing. In C. Izawa (Ed.), Current issues in cognitive processes: The Tulane Flowerree Symposium on Cognition
(p. 175–199). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Schwartz, N., & Clore, G. (1983). Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45
, 513–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seidlitz, L., & Diener, E. (1993). Memory for positive versus negative life events: Theories for the differences between happy and unhappy persons. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64
, 654–664.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seligman, M. E. P. (1998). Positive social science. APA Monitor, 29
, 4.Google Scholar
Strack, F., Schwartz, N., & Gschneidinger, E. (1985). Happiness and reminiscing: The role of time perspective, affect, and mode of thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49
, 1460–1469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, W. R., Vogl., R. J., & Thompson, C. P. (1997). Autobiographical memory: Unpleasantness fades faster than pleasantness over time. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 11
, 399–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watkins, P. C. (2001). Gratitude: The benefits of an emotional state and trait. Spirituality and Medicine Connection, 5
, 1, 6–7.Google Scholar
Watkins, P. C. (in press). Gratitude and subjective well-being. In R. A. Emmons & M. E. McCullough (Eds.), The psychology of gratitude. New York: Oxford University Press.
Watkins, P. C. & Curtis, N. (1994, April). Brief assessment of depression history. Presentation at the 74 Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Kona, HI.
Watkins, P. C., & Ola, D. (2001, August). Gratitude and depression: How a human strength might mitigate human adversity. In R. A. Emmons (Chair), Gratitude and positive emotionality as links between social and clinical science. Symposium presented at the 109 Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA., August, 2001.
Watkins, P. C., Porter, W. T., & Curtis, N. (1996, April). The attitude of gratitude: Development of a new measure. Presentation to the 1996 Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, San Jose, CA.
Watkins, P. C., Porter, W. T., and Miller, C. (1997, April). Gratitude and Subjective Well Being. Paper presented to the Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Seattle, WA.
Watkins, P. C., Scheer, J., Coletti, T., & Whitney, A. A. (2002, June). The debt of gratitude: Dissociating gratitude and indebtedness. Paper presented to the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Society, New Orleans, LA, June 2002.
Watkins, P. C., Woodward, K., Stone, T., & Kolts, R. (in press). Gratitude and happiness: Development of a measure of gratitude, and relationships with subjective well-being. Social Behavior and Personality.
Woodward, K. M., Moua, G. K., & Watkins, P. C. (1998, April). Depressed individuals show less gratitude. Presentation at the 1998 joint convention of the Western Psychological Association and the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Albuquerque, NM.