East Asia

, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 355–376 | Cite as

Taiwan’s Economic Diplomacy in Vietnam from the 1990s to the Early Twenty-First Century

  • Booker C. K. Liaw
  • Katsuhiro Sasuga
  • Yu-Huang Huang


In Vietnam, Taiwanese (In this article, 'Taiwanese' refer to all the citizens in Taiwan, although Taiwanese may not be a perfect usage for all the inhabitants in Taiwan. For example, some 400,000 natives of JinMen County live and work in Taiwan Province who might not identify with Taiwan Province. Also, many Vietnamese women in the ROC marry 'Taiwanese.' Perhaps it will take a few decades, if not longer, for all the inhabitants in Taiwan to identify with "Taiwanese.") businesses have led the Taipei government in the movement to ‘Go South.’ They have served as pioneers, surrogates and middlemen for Taiwan’s economic diplomacy in Vietnam. Vietnam's 'Doi Moi' (Open Door) policy, inaugurated in December 1986, encouraged greater openness to economic investment from abroad. Compared with China, Vietnam enjoys the privilege of better access to the European market. Vietnam has become the only country in Southeast Asia that can parallel China in terms of trade and investment at the turn of the century.


Taiwanese business people The Taipei government Vietnam Taiwan ‘Doi Moi’ policy 


  1. 1.
    Board of Foreign Trade, Ministry of Economic Affairs, ROC (1998). 1997/1998 Haiwai shichang jingmao nianbaoVietnam [Annual Report of Overseas Market – Vietnam 1997/1998]. Taipei: MOEA.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Board of Foreign Trade, Ministry of Economic Affairs, ROC (2000). Bilateral economic data between Taiwan and Vietnam. Taipei: MOEA.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Breslin, S. (2003). Decentralization, globalization and China’s partial re-engagement with the global economy. New Political Economy, 5(2), 216–218.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buzan, B. (1995). The level of analysis problem reconsidered. In K. Booth & S. Smith (Eds.), International Relations Theory Today (pp. 198–216). Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    CETRA (2000). Overseas Market Economic Yearbook 2000-2001- Asia Pacific. Taipei: CETRA.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Clinton Administration (1994). Possible explanation for the lifting of Vietnamese economic sanctions. Retrieved August 12, 2012, from http://www-personal.umich.edu/~rtanter/F98PS672PAPERS/MANOKHAM.THAMMASACK.VIETNAM.HTML..htm.
  7. 7.
    Gourevitch, P. (1978). The second image reversed: the international sources of domestic politics. International Organisation, 32(4), 881–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Industrial Development & Investment Center, Ministry of Economic Affairs, ROC (2001). Investment guide to Vietnam. Taipei: MOEA.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liaw, B. C. K. & Wang, Y. (2009). Double-track decision-making and the failure of Taiwan’s Asia-Pacific Regional Operations Center Plan in the 1990s. Tamkang Journal of International Affairs, 13(1), 73–100.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Naisbitt, J. (1999). Foreword. In F. W. Fong, The New Asian Way. Kelana Java: Pelanduk Publications.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    The World Bank (1999). Entering the 21 st centuryworld development report 1999/2000. Oxford: World Bank and Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Turley, W. S. & Womack, B (n.d.). Asian Socialism’s Open Doors: Guangzhou and Ho Chi Minh City. Retrieved August 12, 2012, from http://people.virginia.edu/~bw9c/gzho.html
  13. 13.
    Zheng, Z. (2002). Shichang jineng shuo keyi xiuyi (The death of market mechanism theory). Policy Forum, 33. Retrieved from http://www.socialsciences.nccu.edu.tw/main_020614.htm
  14. 14.
    Lin, W. (2001). Yi meiguo weshi (U.S.A. as a mentor). CommonWealth Magazine, 237, 84–90.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Booker C. K. Liaw
    • 1
  • Katsuhiro Sasuga
    • 2
  • Yu-Huang Huang
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of International BusinessCentral Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaichung CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of International Studies, Faculty of Humanities and CulturesTokai UniversityKanagawa-KenJapan
  3. 3.Department of Marketing ManagementCentral Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaichung CityTaiwan

Personalised recommendations