The Problem of Massive Deception for Justification Norms of Action
- 152 Downloads
In this paper, I argue against recent versions of justification norms of action and practical deliberation (Neta, Noûs 43:684–699, 2009; Gerken, Synthese 178:529–547, 2011, Synthese 189:373–394, 2012; Smithies, Noûs 46:265–288, 2012). I demonstrate that these norms yield unacceptable results in deception cases. However, a further modification of justification norms in the light of these results appears to be ad hoc. Hence, I claim, we should reject justification norms of action and practical deliberation.
KeywordsKnowledge Justification Action Practical deliberation Norms
Thanks to Santiago Echeverri, Robin McKenna and an anonymous referee for this journal for useful comments and discussion. The research work that lead to this article was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) grant number 100015_131794 (project “Knowledge, Evidence, and Practice”).
- Gerken, M. (2013). The roles of knowledge ascriptions in epistemic assessment. European Journal of Philosophy. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejop.12026.
- Gerken, M. (2014). Same, same but different: the epistemic norms of assertion, action and practical reasoning. Philosophical Studies, 168(3), 725–744.Google Scholar
- Goldman, A. I. (1986). Epistemology and cognition. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Hawthorne, J. (2004). Knowledge and lotteries. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hawthorne, J., & Stanley, J. (2008). Knowledge and action. Journal of Philosophy, 105(10), 571–590.Google Scholar
- Ichikawa, J. J. (2012). Knowledge norms and acting well. Thought, 1(1), 49–55.Google Scholar
- Littlejohn, C. (2009a). Must we act only on what we know? Journal of Philosophy, 106(8), 463–473.Google Scholar
- Littlejohn, C. (2009b). On treating something as a reason for action. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.Google Scholar
- Littlejohn, C. (2012). Justification and the truth-connection. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- McKenna, R. (2013). Why Assertion and practical reasoning are possibly not governed by the same epistemic norm. Logos and Episteme.Google Scholar
- McKinnon, R. (2012). What I learned in the lunch room about assertion and practical reasoning. Logos and Episteme, 3(4), 565–569.Google Scholar
- Smithies, D. (2014). Why justification matters. In D. Henderson, & J. Greco (Eds.), Epistemic evaluation: point and purpose in epistemology. Oxford University Press, in press.Google Scholar
- Stanley, J. (2005). Knowledge and practical interests. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Sutton, J. (2007). Without justification. Mit Press.Google Scholar
- Henderson, D., Horgan T., Potrč, M. (2007). Transglobal evidentialism-reliabilism, Acta Analytica, 22(4), 281–300.Google Scholar
- Unger, P. K. (1975). Ignorance: a case for scepticism. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Weatherson, B. (2008). Deontology and descartes’s demon. Journal of Philosophy, 105(9), 540–569.Google Scholar
- Williamson, T. (2000). Knowledge and its limits. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar