Acta Analytica

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 145–159 | Cite as

No Evidence is False

Original Article


If evidence is propositional, is one’s evidence limited to true propositions or might false propositions constitute evidence? In this paper, I consider three recent attempts to show that there can be ‘false evidence,’ and argue that each of these attempts fails. The evidence for the thesis that evidence consists of truths is much stronger than the evidence offered in support of the theoretical assumptions that people have relied on to argue against this thesis. While I shall not defend the view that evidence is propositional, I shall defend the view that any propositional evidence must be true.


Evidence Justification Reasons for Belief Knowledge Epistemic rationality 


  1. Arnold, A. Forthcoming. Some evidence is false. Australasian Journal of Philosophy.Google Scholar
  2. Bird, A. (2004). Is evidence non-inferential? The Philosophical Quarterly, 54, 252–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Comesaña, J., & Kantin, H. (2010). Is evidence knowledge? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 80, 447–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Conee, E., & Feldman, R. (2008). Evidence. In Q. Smith, Epistemology: New essays (pp. 83-104). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. ______. (2011). Replies. In T. Dougherty, Evidentialism and its discontents (pp. 283-323). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Davidson, D. (2001). Subjective, intersubjective, objective. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Fantl, J., & McGrath, M. (2009). Knowledge in an uncertain world. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Goldman, A. (2009). Williamson on knowledge and evidence. In P. Greenough & D. Pritchard (ed.), Williamson on knowledge (pp. 73-92). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Greco, J. (2000). Putting skeptics in their place. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hyman, J. (2006). Knowledge and evidence. Mind, 115, 891–916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Littlejohn, C. (2012). Justification and the truth-connection. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Rizzieri, A. (2011). Evidence does not equal knowledge. Philosophical Studies, 153, 235–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Schroeder, M. (2011). What does it take to ‘Have’ a reason? In A. Reisner & A. Steglich-Petersen (ed.) Reasons for belief (pp. 201-22). Cambridge University Place.Google Scholar
  14. Turri, J. (2009). The ontology of epistemic reasons. Nous, 43, 490–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Unger, P. (1975). Ignorance. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Warfield, T. A. (2005). Knowledge from falsehood. Philosophical Perspectives, 19, 405–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Williamson, T. (2000). Knowledge and its limits. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. ______. (2009). Replies to critics. In P. Greenough and D. Pritchard, Williamson on knowledge (pp. 279-385). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyKing’s College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations