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Invisible Borders of the City for the Migrant Women From Turkey: Gendered Use of Urban Space and Place Making in Cinisello/Milan

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Abstract

Policies to overcome the deepening world economic crisis trigger movement of people around the world. Migrants flow into the deprived areas of cities and become constitutive components of these places. The use of urban space for international migrants is restricted. But these restrictions of the space that is experienced and felt in daily life by different disadvantaged groups and genders can differ to a great extent. This study tries to do a gender specific analysis of use of the urban space through the experiences of women migrants from Turkey in Cinisello Balsamo/Milan and attempts to indicate how space, which is constructed, reproduced, and transformed constantly by changing social relations and interactions, can mold, reproduce, and change these relations in turn.

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Notes

  1. We used the term “Turkish migrants or Turkish women migrants” in the text, because all the migrants from Turkey in Milan are not Kurdish and all of them still have Turkish citizenship.

  2. Third after Baranzate 31%, Pioltello 25%.

  3. For a more detailed account of migration of men from Turkey to Milan, see Purkis and Güngör (2017).

  4. See Anthias and Lazaridis (2000); Boyle and Halfacree (2005); Brettel and Hollifield (2000); Castles and Miller (2003); Erel and Lutz (2012); Gaugh et al. (2006); Hardill (2002); Kofman (1999); Kofman et al. (2005); Lenz et al. (2002); Lutz (2007, 2010); Momsen (2005); Morokvasic (1983, 1984, 2003, 2004, 2007); Morokvasic et al. (2003); Parreñas (2001); Phizacklea (1983); Sassen (1988, 2003); Schireup et al. (2006); Sharpe (2002); and Reyes (2002).

  5. Dates indicate migration to Italy.

  6. Female migrants also work in labor-intensive parts of sectors such as agriculture, manufacture, and service.

  7. See Agnew (1994); Allen and Cochrane (2007); Allen et al. (1998); Amin (2002, 2004, 2007); Amin and Thrift (2005); Doel (2007); Farías and Bender (2010); Massey (2004); McFarlane (2011); Ong and Collier (2005); Rankin (2011); Robinson (2004, 2005); Sassen (2002, 2008); and Urry (2002, 2007).

  8. See Gottmann (1973), Johnston (1991), Kaplan (1998), Kaplan and Hakli (2002), Mann (2003), Prescott (1987), Sack (1981, 1986), and Taylor (2003).

  9. Antonio Gramsci Square is the “historic” town square which was redesigned in the 70s as a “local” square and then recently (2004) redesigned by a star architecture (Scudo and Dessi 2006).

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I would like to thank all the interviewees for their invaluable contributions, which made this study possible.

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Correspondence to Semra Purkis.

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Purkis, S. Invisible Borders of the City for the Migrant Women From Turkey: Gendered Use of Urban Space and Place Making in Cinisello/Milan. Int. Migration & Integration 20, 261–278 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-018-0600-2

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