Immigration and Occupational Mobility of Native Workers in Spain. A Gender Perspective
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This paper studies the economic effect of immigration on native working conditions, focusing on the impact of the inflow of immigrant labour on occupational mobility among native workers. Basing on a gender-segmented labour market, we propose an extension of the model presented by Peri and Sparber American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(3), 135-169, (2009). The model controls for gender and time in order to check for potential differences in immigration effects associated with gender or immigrant length of residence. This research reveals the existence of such differences, by showing that female immigrant inflow has a greater positive short-term impact on occupational mobility among female unskilled native workers. In addition, the long-term study discloses a slight occupational assimilation of male immigrants towards employment patterns of male native workers and a permanent confinement of female immigrants in a few “niche jobs”.
KeywordsOccupational mobility Immigration Gender
We gratefully acknowledge financial support from Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (EHU14/46). We also would like to thank Felipe Serrano and two anonymous referees for their valuable comments and helpful suggestions.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The study was funded by Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (EHU14/46).
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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