Living Without Economic Assets: Livelihoods of Liberian Refugees in the Buduburam Camp, Ghana
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This paper employs the Sustainable Livelihood Framework and social capital theory to examine the economic activities and livelihood strategies of Liberian refugees in the Buduburam Camp in Ghana. The paper is based on primary data collected through questionnaire surveys, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions. The findings show that the Liberian refugees, in the Buduburam Camp, are pursuing their livelihoods within a macroeconomic environment that is characterized by various forms of vulnerabilities, which include resource constraints and lack of employment opportunities. Even though most of the refugees lack the necessary physical and economic assets to live within such a vulnerability context, they have relied on networks of social capital to survive for several years. Based on these findings, it has been recommended that Liberian refugees, in Ghana, should be encouraged to form mutual groups to enhance the benefits from such social networks. Churches and community-based organizations that are providing material assistance to vulnerable refugees must also be encouraged to continue with their humanitarian work in the camp.
KeywordsForced migration Vulnerability context Livelihoods Refugees Social capital Liberia
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