Advertisement

Human Resource Deficit in Atlantic Canada: A Challenge for Regional Economic Development

  • Ather H. AkbariEmail author
Article

Abstract

Fertility decline and population out-migration have resulted in a decline of labor force in Atlantic Canada which is projected to slow down economic growth in the region. The region offers competitive advantage in many economic development-related projects such as hydroelectricity development and ship-building, in addition to fisheries and agriculture. Hence, strategies to develop labor force through training, increased utilization of existing labor force, attraction of out-migrants back into the region, and increased immigration are essential for regional economic growth and development. This article is based on the proceedings of 2012 conference of Atlantic Canada Economics Association held in Halifax with the aim of promoting public discussions around regional labor market issues and also on the author’s own research and literature review.

Keywords

Immigration Labor training Labor force development Regional economic growth and development Diversity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks Maurice Mandale, former senior policy analyst of Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, for his valuable comments on an initial draft of this article.

References

  1. Akbari, A. (2012). Socioeconomic and demographic profiles of immigrants in Nova Scotia report prepared for the Government of Nova Scotia (Saint Mary’s University).Google Scholar
  2. Akbari, A. (2011). Labour market performance of immigrants in smaller regions of western countries: some evidence from Atlantic Canada. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 12(2), 133–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Akbari, A. (2009). Socioeconomic and demographic profiles of immigrants in Atlantic Canada report prepared for Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. www.atlantic.metropolis.net.
  4. Akbari, A. (2006). “The economics of diversity.” The Society Record Vol. 24, 3: 30-31 (Nova Scotia Barrister Society).Google Scholar
  5. Atlantic Provinces Economic Council. (2012). Meeting the skills challenge: five key labour market issues facing Atlantic Canada. (APEC).Google Scholar
  6. Ayles, C. (2012). Challenges and opportunities Government of New Brunswick (2012 ACEA presentation).Google Scholar
  7. Becker, G. (1971). The economics of discrimination University of Chicago Press (2nd edition).Google Scholar
  8. Bradshaw, P. (2012). Dynamics of inclusion. Sobey School of Business (2012, ACEA presentation, Halifax).Google Scholar
  9. Bradshaw, P and C. Fredette. (2012). “The inclusive nonprofit boardroom: leveraging the transformative potential of diversity.” The non-profit quarterly www.npqmag.org (Winter: 50–57).
  10. Chaundy, D. (2012). Meeting the skills challenge. APEC (ACEA presentation).Google Scholar
  11. Conference Board of Canada. (2012). Provincial outlook 2012: long-term economic forecast. Ottawa: Conference Board of Canada.Google Scholar
  12. Council of Atlantic Premiers. 2012. “Atlantic premiers establish workforce partnership.” Press Release (June).Google Scholar
  13. Conrad J. (2012). Atlantic workforce partnership Government of Nova Scotia (2012 ACEA presentation, Halifax).Google Scholar
  14. Daily Commercial News. (2013). “Partnership will streamline apprenticeship program in Atlantic Canada.” (May 16).Google Scholar
  15. Downie, M. (2010). Immigrants as innovators boosting Canada’s Global Competitiveness Conference Board of Canada (Ottawa).Google Scholar
  16. Islam, K. (2012). Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (2012 ACEA presentation, Halifax).Google Scholar
  17. Jorgenson, D., & Griliches, Z. (1967). The explanation of productivity change. Review of Economic Studies, 34, 249–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Newfoundland and Labrador (2005). An immigration strategy for Newfoundland and Labrador: opportunity for growth discussion paper (June).Google Scholar
  19. Solow, R. M. (1957). Technical change and the aggregate production function. Review of Economics and Statistics, 39, 312–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wright, T. (2010). “Federal government says no new PNP coming for PEI.” The Guardian , PEI (January 7).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsSaint Mary’s UniversityHalifaxCanada

Personalised recommendations