Human Resource Deficit in Atlantic Canada: A Challenge for Regional Economic Development

  • Ather H. AkbariEmail author


Fertility decline and population out-migration have resulted in a decline of labor force in Atlantic Canada which is projected to slow down economic growth in the region. The region offers competitive advantage in many economic development-related projects such as hydroelectricity development and ship-building, in addition to fisheries and agriculture. Hence, strategies to develop labor force through training, increased utilization of existing labor force, attraction of out-migrants back into the region, and increased immigration are essential for regional economic growth and development. This article is based on the proceedings of 2012 conference of Atlantic Canada Economics Association held in Halifax with the aim of promoting public discussions around regional labor market issues and also on the author’s own research and literature review.


Immigration Labor training Labor force development Regional economic growth and development Diversity 



The author thanks Maurice Mandale, former senior policy analyst of Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, for his valuable comments on an initial draft of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsSaint Mary’s UniversityHalifaxCanada

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