Economic Assimilation of Asian Indians in the United States: Evidence from the 1990s

  • Raaj TiagiEmail author


Although Asian Indians constitute one of the largest and fastest-growing immigrant groups in the United States, there has been no systematic examination of their economic performance. This paper studies the relative wage convergence of Asian Indians in the United States, using the 5/100 1990 and 2000 US Censuses. Results from cross-sectional and cohort analyses indicate that, although the recent-arrival cohort of Asian Indian males and females face a wage penalty relative to native-born non-Hispanic whites, there is significant growth in their wages over the decade, suggesting strong economic assimilation. However, overall, the group is not able to reach wage parity with comparable native-born whites even after residing in the country for 20 years. These results are in line with the existing evidence on post-1965 immigrants in the United States. Furthermore, results indicate that Asian Indians experience greater wage assimilation compared with Other Asians, and within the Asian Indian group, females experience greater economic assimilation compared with males.


Economic assimilation Asian Indian assimilation Cohort analysis Wage parity 



The author would like to thank Sping Wang for her help with the manuscript. The author is also grateful to the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VancouverCanada

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