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Social Capital, Employment and Occupational Status of the New Immigrants in Canada

Abstract

Using the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants in Canada (LSIC), this study examines the role of social capital in the labour market integration of new immigrants in Canada, utilizing various measures of social capital and treating employment and occupational Socio-Economic Scale (SES) as the indicators of labour market integration. The findings show that visible minority immigrants have significantly lower levels of employment and SES compared to white immigrants. Furthermore, social capital contributes significantly to an increased likelihood of employment and also to higher SES positions. However, the effect of social capital varies by the types of social capital, ethno-racial origins, as well as forms of economic integration.

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Correspondence to M. Reza Nakhaie.

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Nakhaie, M.R., Kazemipur, A. Social Capital, Employment and Occupational Status of the New Immigrants in Canada. Int. Migration & Integration 14, 419–437 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-012-0248-2

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Keywords

  • Social capital
  • Employment
  • Occupational status
  • Immigrants