This paper offers new insights into Chinese migration law since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, set against a backdrop of briefly examined historical developments in international migration law. Despite significant changes during its years of reform and opening up—with the massive influx of foreigners into, and exodus of Chinese citizens from, China—Chinese migration law is still restrictive and unadvanced. As part of its reform and opening-up policies, China has been relaxing its control on persons crossing its border, and advancing its exit and entry administration. The paper also offers an exploration of fresh perspectives on Chinese migration law’s history, including insights into the comparative value—for Chinese migration law—of international migration law experiences.
Cet article offre de nouvelles perspectives sur la loi chinoise en matière d’immigration depuis l’établissement de la République populaire de Chine en 1949 et ce, dans le contexte d’un aperçu sur des développements historiques relatifs à la loi sur la migration internationale. Malgré les changements significatifs qui ont eu lieu pendant les années de réformes et d’ouverture, et en dépit de l’afflux immense d’étrangers vers la Chine et l’exode de citoyens chinois, la loi chinoise en matière d’immigration demeure restreignante et rétrograde. Dans le cadre de ses réformes et ses politiques visant l’ouverture, la Chine relâche son contrôle des mouvements transfrontières et fait avancer les conditions d’entrée et de sortie. Cet article propose de nouvelles perspectives sur l’historique de la loi chinoise en matière d’immigration, y compris une approche originale quant à la valeur comparative des expériences relatives à la loi sur la migration internationale.
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Liu, G. Changing Chinese Migration Law: From Restriction to Relaxation. Int. Migration & Integration 10, 311–333 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-009-0105-0
- Migration law
- Historical development
- Restriction and relaxation
- loi en matière d’immigration
- développement historique