Immigrant Employment Success in Canada, Part II: Understanding the Decline

  • Jeffrey G. ReitzEmail author


Research on the trend toward declining employment success for successive cohorts of immigrants to Canada—despite increases in their levels of education—has identified a number of statistical regularities as having potential explanatory relevance. Particularly for the period since 1980, the statistical regularities appear to be related only partly to changes in the individual characteristics of immigrants; they point also to the significance of contextual factors and changing processes within labour markets. This review illustrates how the search for explanations should probe the impact of broader labour market changes, and a wider range of determinants of immigrants employment success, reviewed in the companion article, Part I: Individual and Contextual Causes.


Immigrants Canada Employment Incomes Labour markets Trends 


La recherche sur le déclin de la réussite à l’emploi de cohortes successives d’immigrants au Canada malgré l’augmentation de leur niveau de scolarité, a identifié certains phénomènes statistiques réguliers qui pourraient fournir des explications. Les phénomènes statistique réguliers, surtout pour la période depuis 1980, ne semblent êtres lies que partiellement aux changements dans les caractéristiques individuelles des immigrants. Les facteurs contextuels et l’évolution des processus au sein des marchés du travail semblent jouer un rôle significatif pour la même période. Cet examen démontre l’importance de chercher des explications dans l’impact de changements plus globaux du marché du travail et dans un plus vaste éventail de facteurs déterminants dans la réussite à l’emploi des immigrants, tel qu’étudié dans l’article complémentaire (première partie, Individual and Contextual Causes.

Mots clés

Immigrants Canada emploi revenues marchés du travail tendances 



This article was prepared with the financial support of Human Resources and Social Development Canada, Ottawa. Editorial assistance was provided by Elizabeth Thompson.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Munk Centre for International Studies, University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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