NGO-government relations and immigrant services: Contradictions and challenges

Abstract

This article critically examines the “Canadian model” of immigrant settlement service delivery. This is a system where most settlement services are provided through community-based, including ethno-specific, agencies funded primarily by the various levels of government. Although this model has been widely celebrated as an efficient, immigrant-friendly, and inclusive model to be emulated elsewhere, we argue that it is a system in crisis. Rather than continuing to promote this model uncritically, we examine the roots of this crisis and in this light offer a reconsideration of a series of current policy issues in immigrant service provision in Canada.

Résumé

Cet article jette un regard critique sur le «Modèle canadien» de prestation de services d’établissement pour les immigrants. Il s’agit d’un système selon lequel la plupart des services d’établissement sont offerts par des agences communautaires, y compris des agences spécifiques aux groupes ethniques, financées principalement par divers paliers gouvernementaux. Bien que ce modèle ait été largement loué comme étant efficace, convivial, favorable à l’intégration et digne d’être émulé par d’autres pays, nous faisons valoir le point de vue selon lequel ce système connaît actuellement une crise. Plutôt que de continuer à faire la promotion de ce modèle sans le soumettre à un examen critique, nous nous penchons sur les causes profondes de cette crise. À la lumière de notre évaluation, nous proposons un nouveau regard sur une série de questions relatives aux politiques actuelles en matière de prestation de services pour les immigrants au Canada.

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Richmond, T., Shields, J. NGO-government relations and immigrant services: Contradictions and challenges. Int. Migration & Integration 6, 513–526 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-005-1024-3

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Key words

  • Settlement services
  • Advocacy
  • Accountability
  • Social exclusion
  • Partnerships
  • Contract funding

Mots-clefs

  • Services d’établissement
  • Défense d’une cause
  • Responsabilité
  • Exclusion sociale
  • Partenariats
  • Financement par contrat