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Labour market careers of immigrants in Germany and the United Kingdom

  • Irena Kogan
Articles

Abstract

This article examines the employment careers of immigrants as compared with those of the native-born in Germany and the United Kingdom using existing longitudinal data from the German Socioeconomic Panel and the British Household Panel Study. Results of the sequence analysis show that in both countries employment career sequences of immigrants are similarly remote from those of native-born men. Further analysis reveals that long and frequent spells of unemployment are behind this dissimilarity in both countries. Results of the pairwise Optimal Matching analysis of the occupational career sequences, however, show that immigrants in the UK and Germany pursue largely different occupational paths, the former having occupational careers similar to those of the native-born, the latter being segmented in manual, mostly unskilled, jobs.

Key words

Immigrants Labour market careers Comparative analysis Germany and Great Britain Longitudinal data 

Résumé

Cet article porte sur le cheminement professionnel des immigrants relatif aux personnes nées dans le pays en Allemagne et en Grande-Bretagne. Nous nous appuyons sur les données longitudinales de deux études: German Socio-Economic panel et British Household Panel Study. Les résultats d’une analyse de séquence démontrent que dans les deux pays, le cheminement professionnel des immigrants est sensiblement différent de celui des hommes nés dans le pays. Une analyse plus poussée révèle que cet écart est attribuable, pour les deux pays, à des périodes de chômage fréquentes et prolongées. toutefois, les résultats de l’analyse Optimal Matching sur la séquence de carrières prouvent que les immigrants au Royaume-Uni et ceux en Allemagne suivent des cheminements professionnels très différents, les premiers occupant des postes semblables à ceux des gens nés dans le pays et les seconds se retrouvant principalement dans des emplois impliquant un travail manuel ou non spécialisé.

Mots-clefs

Cheminement professionnel Analyse comparative Allemagne, Grande-Bretagne Données longitudinales 

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Copyright information

© Springer SBM 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irena Kogan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MannheimMannheinGermany

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