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Institutional change and emerging cohorts of the “New” immigrant second generation: Implications for the integration of racial minorities in Canada

  • Jeffrey G. Reitz
  • Kara Somerville
Articles

Abstract

In recent decades institutional change-related to education, labour markets, government policies, and globalization-has dramatically altered the reception of new immigrants in Canada, creating new obstacles to their employment and economic success. What effect, if any, does institutional change have on the second-generation children of immigrants? This article proposes an institutional model for minority integration that locates immigrant generational succession and successive second-generation cohorts as embedded in a changing institutional structure. Current research findings on early family life, educational attainment, and labour market success of the second generation in Canada are interpreted in the light of this model, raising significant issues for future research.

Key words

Immigration Race relations Relations interraciales Host societies Second generation Institutional change Changement institutionnel Canadian society 

Résumé

Depuis quelques dizaines d’années, des changements institutionnels touchant l’éducation, les marchés du travail, les politiques gouvernementales et la mondialisation, ont énormément modifié l’accueil des nouveaux immigrants au Canada, leur dressant de nouveaux obstacles sur la voie de l’emploi et de la réussite réussite économique. Quel est l’effet—si effet il y a—des changements institutionnels sur les enfants des immigrants, cette deuxième génération? Cet article propose un modèle institutionnel de l’intégration des minorités qui considère la succession transgénérationnelle chez les immigrants et les cohortes de deuxième génération comme étant intégrées au sein d’une structure institutionnelle en évolution. Des résultats de recherches récentes portant sur la vie de famille pendant l’enfance, le rendement scolaire et les réussites sur le marché du, travail chez la deuxième génération au Canada sont interprétés à la lumière de ce modèle, ce qui soulève des questions importantes pour la recherche à l’avenir.

Most-clefs

Sociétés d’accueil Deuxième génération Société canadienne 

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Copyright information

© Springer SBM 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey G. Reitz
    • 1
  • Kara Somerville
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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