Cross-ethnic networks, self-reception system, and functional integration of refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Rome

  • Maja Korac


The character of the immigrant policy context in Italy has caused refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Rome to organize themselves spontaneously and to create a self-reception system that facilitates their functional integration. The Italian policy context allows refugees to approach their situation in exile in an active way because it does not offer them a dependent role. Emphasizing the importance of providing refugees with a framework for an active reconstruction of life, however, should not be understood as an apologia for the absence of strategy for integration as well as legal, financial, and institutional means to facilitate this process.

Key words

Refugees integration social-networks self-help auto-assistance self-suggiciency agency 


La nature du contexte de l’immigration en Italie a forcé les réfugiés de l’ex-Yougoslavie, à Rome, à s’organiser spontanément et à créer leur propre système d’accueil afin de faciliter leur intégration fonctionnelle. Le contexte de la politique italienne à cet égard amène les réfugiés à aborder leur situation en exil d’une manière active parce que le contexte ne leur permet pas un rôle de dépendant. L’importance de donner aux réfugiés un cadre propice à la reconstruction active de leur vie ne doit cependant pas devenir une apologie de l’absence d’une stratégie d’intégration ainsi que de moyens légaux, financiers et institutionnels afin de faciliter cette reconstruction.


réfugiés intégration réseaux sociaux autonomie agence 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinctions: A social critique of the judgment of taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Caces, M.F. (1987). Immigrant recruitment into the labor force: Social networks among Filipinos in Hawaii. Amerasia, 13(1), 23–38.Google Scholar
  3. Canna, S. (1997). The integration experience of a group of refugees from former Yugoslavia in the Italian region of Cadore. Unpublished master’s thesis, Graduate School of Webster University, Geneva.Google Scholar
  4. Eastmond, M. (1998). Bosnian Muslim refugees in Sweden. Journal of Refugee Studies, 11(2), 161–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. ECRE. (1998). The state of refugee integration in the European Union. Report.Google Scholar
  6. Gurak, D.T., & Caces, F. (1992). Migration networks and the shaping of migration systems. In M. Kritz, L. Lim, & H. Zlotnik (Eds.) International migration systems: A global approach. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Hugo, G.J. (1981). Village-community ties. Village norms and ethnic and social networks: A review of evidence from the Third World. In G. de Jong & R. Gardner (Eds.) Migration decision-making. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  8. Indra, D. (1993, May) Some feminist contributions to refugee studies. Paper presented to Gender Issues and Refugees: Development Implications Conference at York University Conference papers, Vol. II (pp. 757–766). Toronto, ON: Centre for Refugee Studies.Google Scholar
  9. Indra, D. (Ed.). (1999). Engendering forced migrationCTheory and practice. New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  10. Fernandez-Kelly, M.P. (1995). Social and cultural capital in the urban ghetto: Implications for the economic sociology and immigration. In A. Portes (Ed.) The economic sociology of immigration: Essays on networks, ethnicity and enterpreneurship. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  11. Johansen, F.K. (1998). Assessment and recognition of refugees’ qualifications in the European Community. Copenhagen: Danish Refugee Council, December.Google Scholar
  12. Korac, M. (1999). Refugee women in Serbia: Their experiences with war, nationalism and state building. In: N. Yuval-Davis & P. Werbner Women, citizenship and difference, London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  13. Koser, K. (1997). Social networks and the asylum cycle: The case of Iranians in the Netherlands. International Migration Review, 31(3), 591–611.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Losi, N. (1994). Future plans of displaced former-Yugoslavs hosted in reception centres in Italy. Rome, Geneva: International Organization for Migration.Google Scholar
  15. Massey, D. et al. (1993). Theories of international migration: A review and appraisal. Population and Development Review, 19, 431–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Massey, D., et al. (1987). Return to Aztlan: The social process of international migration from western Mexico. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  17. McSpadden, L.A., & Moussa, H. (1993). “I have a name”: The gender dynamics in asylum and resettlement of Ethiopian and Eritrean refugees in North America. Journal of Refugee Studies 6(3), 203–225.Google Scholar
  18. Muus, P. (1997). Introduction. In P. Muus (Ed.), Exclusion and inclusion of refugees in contemporary Europe. Utrecht: Utrecht University, ERCOMER.Google Scholar
  19. Portes, A. (1995). Economic sociology and the sociology of immigration: A conceptual overview. In A. Portes (Ed.) Economic sociology of immigration: Essays on networks, ethnicity and enterpreneurship. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  20. Ritchey, N.P. (1976). Explanations of migration. In A. Inkeles, J. Coleman, & N. Smelser (Eds.), Annual review of sociology (vol. 2, pp. 363–404). Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews.Google Scholar
  21. Van Hear, N. (1998). New diasporas: The mass exodus, dispersal and regrouping of migrant communities. London: UCL Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer SBM 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maja Korac
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OxfordOxfordUK

Personalised recommendations