Metropolitan migration in the past: Labour markets, commerce, and cultural interaction in Europe, 1600–1914

  • Dirk Hoerder


This article challenges the “imaginary ethnography” of European urban population as monocultural and non-migrating. Pre-1800 European migrations are discussed first, next changing patterns in the 19th century are summarized. In the third section immigration to industrializing cities at the height of nationalism is exemplified by Czech migration to Vienna, Polish migration to the cities of the Ruhr District, and the multicultural and immigrant character of Budapest and of Paris. Immigrant insertion, conflict, migrants, and economic niches, as well as the reaction of host societies and community formation are discussed. In conclusion, older theories of disorganization are contrasted with recent concepts of acculturation and transcultural lives.


Labour Market International Migration Immigrant Woman National Consciousness Migration System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Cet essai remet en question l’«ethnographie imaginaire” selon laquelle la population urbaine euroéenne est monoculturelle et stable. Après un historique des migrations européennes avant 1800, l’auteur résume l’évolution des mouvements migratoires au 19e siècle. Dans la troisième section, il illustre l’immigration vers les villes en voie d’industrialisation, à l’apogée du nationalisme, en donnant les exemples de la migration tchèque vers Vienne, de la migration polonaise vers les villes de la Ruhr et du caractère multiculturel de Budapest et de Paris dû à l’immigration. L’auteur y analyse l’insertion des immigrants, les conflits, les enclaves ethniques, qu’elles soient sociales ou économiques, ainsi que la réaction des sociétés hôtes et la formation des communautés. Enfin, l’auteur oppose des vieilles théories de déstructuration à des concepts récents d’acculturation et de transformation culturelle.


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Copyright information

© Springer SBM 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Hoerder
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BremenBremenGermany

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