Skip to main content

Non-metropolitan Growth Potential of Western Cape Municipalities

Abstract

This paper provides a brief overview of the relevant post-2000 South African policy for regional (provincial) spatial development within the context of the quantitative findings of a study conducted on the growth potential of non-metropolitan settlements in the Western Cape. The findings are presented at municipal level. Five indices (social needs, economic, physical environment, infrastructure and institutional) and 69 indicators were used to determine development potential and social needs for the 24 local municipalities and three district management areas in the province. The potential indicators for each index were subjected to a factor analysis to select appropriate core indicators for inclusion in the composite indices. Based on their overall performance in the various indices, the municipalities were classified into three categories—high, medium and low. The study results prioritise areas according to their developmental potential and social needs at municipal level.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  • Acton, C., Miller, R., Fullerton, D., & Maltby, J. (2009). SPSS for social scientists. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Al-Najjar, B., & Alsyouf, I. (2003). Selecting the most efficient maintenance approach using fuzzy multiple criteria decision making. International Journal of Production Economics, 84(1), 85–100.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Atkinson, D. (2008). Promoting the second economy in small and medium-sized towns: A paper for the second economy strategy project: An initiative of the presidency. Pretoria: The Presidency.

    Google Scholar 

  • Atkinson, D., & Marais, L. (2006). Urbanization and the future urban agenda in South Africa. In U. Pillay, R. Tomlinson, & J. Du Toit (Eds.), Democracy and delivery. Pretoria: HSRC Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Booysen, F. (2002). An overview and evaluation of composite indices of development. Social Indicators Research, 59(2), 115–151.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bruno, R., Follador, M., Paegelow, M., Renno, F., & Villa, N. (2006). Integrating Remote Sensing, GIS and Prediction Models to Monitor the Deforestation and Erosion in Peten Reserve, Guatemala. Society for Mathematical Geology XIth International Congress, Université de Liège, Belgium.

  • Chang, K. (2006). Introduction to geographic information systems. New York: McGraw Hill.

    Google Scholar 

  • DeMers, M. N. (2009). Fundamentals of geographic information systems. New York: Wiley.

    Google Scholar 

  • Department of Trade and Industry. (2005). Integrated strategy on the promotion of entrepreneurship and small enterprises: Unlocking the potential of South African entrepreneurs. Pretoria: Department of Trade and Industry.

    Google Scholar 

  • Donaldson, R. (2000). Urban restructuring through land development objectives in Pietersburg: An assessment. Journal of Public Administration, 35(1), 22–39.

    Google Scholar 

  • Eastman, J. R. (2000). Decision strategies in GIS. Directions Magazine, December, s.p.

  • Ferreira, A. (2010). Cape of renewed growth, Times Live. [Online]. Available at: http://www.timeslive.co.za/business/article591039.ece/Cape-of-renewed-growth Accessed on 6 December 2011.

  • Gooch, J. T., & Manyathi, T. W. (2005). A strategic infrastructure plan for the Western Cape. Paper delivered at the 24th Southern African Transport Conference, Pretoria.

  • Grasso, M., & Canova, L. (2008). An assessment of the quality of life in the European Union based on the social indicators approach. Social Indicators Research, 87(1), 1–25.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hadjimichalis, C. (2006). Non-economic factors in economic geography and in ‘new regionalism’: A sympathetic critique. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 30(3), 690–704.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Harrison, P., Todes, A., & Watson, V. (2008). Planning and transformation: Learning from post-apartheid experience. New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jenks, G. F. (1967). The data model concept in statistical mapping. International Yearbook of Cartography, 7, 186–190.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kleynhans, E. P. J., Naude, W. A., & Van der Merwe, S. J. (2003). Spatial economic development in South Africa: An overview and evaluation of the platinum spatial development initiative. Development Southern Africa, 20(5), 617–631.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Luiz, J. M. (2003). The relevance, practicality and viability of spatial development initiatives: A South African case study. Public Administration and Development, 23(5), 433–443.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mabin, A. (1992). Comprehensive segregation: The origins of the Group Areas Act and its planning apparatuses. Journal of Southern African Studies, 18(2), 405–429.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mahini, A. S., & Gholamalifard, M. (2006). Siting MSW landfills with a weighted linear combination methodology in a GIS environment. International Journal of Environment, Science and Technology, 3(4), 435–445.

    Google Scholar 

  • Makoni, E. N., Meiklejohn, C., & Coetzee, M. J. (2008). Distilling a ‘New Regionalist’ Planning Agenda for South Africa: Is the Provincial Growth and Development Strategy Measuring Up? Paper presented at the Planning Africa Conference on 14–16 April, held in Sandton, Johannesburg. [Online]. Available at: http://researchspace.csir.co.za/dspace/bitstream/10204/3086/1/Makoni1_2008.pdf Accessed 1 November 2011.

  • Malczewski, J. (1999). GIS and multi-criteria decision analysis. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ministry of Rural Development and Land Reform. (2009). The comprehensive rural development programme framework. Pretoria: Ministry of Rural Development and Land Reform.

    Google Scholar 

  • National Planning Commission. (2011). National development plan. Vision for 2030. Pretoria: National Planning Commission.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nel, E., & Rogerson, C. M. (2009). Re-thinking spatial inequalities in South Africa: Lessons from international experiences. Urban Forum, 20(2), 141–155.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Office of the Presidency (2003). National Spatial Development Perspective (NSDP). Pretoria: Office of the President.

  • Phua, M.-H., & Minowa, M. (2005). A GIS-based multi-criteria decision making approach to forest conservation planning at a landscape scale: A case study in the Kinabalu Area, Sabah, Malaysia. Landscape and Urban Planning, 71(2–4), 207–222.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pieterse, E. (2008). Regional Development: Strategies for the future, in State of the Province Report 2008: Chapter 10. [Online]. Available from http://africancentreforcities.net/papers/4/ Accessed 1 September 2010.

  • Pike, A., Rodriguez-Pose, A., & Tomaney, J. (2006). Local and regional development. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Province of the Western Cape. (2008). The iKapa growth and development strategy (iKapa GDS). Cape Town: Department of the Premier.

    Google Scholar 

  • Republic of South Africa. (1996). Growth, employment and redistribution (GEAR): A macroeconomic strategy. Pretoria: Department of Finance.

    Google Scholar 

  • Republic of South Africa. (2006). Annual report: Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative for South Africa (ASGISA). Pretoria: The Presidency.

    Google Scholar 

  • Republic of South Africa. (2009). National Urban Development Framework. Working draft (10 June 2009) for Consultation. Pretoria: Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs and The Presidency.

    Google Scholar 

  • Republic of South Africa. (2011). New growth path. Pretoria: Economic Development Department.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rogerson, C. M. (1998). Restructuring the apartheid space economy. Regional Studies, 32(2), 187–197.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rogerson, C. M. (1999). Planning spatial development initiatives: South Africa’s industrial development zones. Urban Forum, 10(2), 259–273.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rogerson, C. M. (2008). Consolidating local economic development in post-apartheid South Africa. Urban Forum, 19(3), 307–328.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rogerson, C. M. (2009). The turn to ‘New Regionalism’: South African reflections. Urban Forum, 20(2), 111–140.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Spocter, M. (forthcoming). Using geospatial data analysis and quantitative economic intelligence to inform local economic development in small towns: A case study of Graaff-Reinet, South Africa. In R. Donaldson and L. Marais (Eds.), Small Town Geographies in Africa: Experiences from South Africa and Elsewhere. New York: Nova Publishers.

  • Tomlinson, R. (1993). From regional planning to local development planning. Development South Africa, 10(2), 167–175.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tomlinson, R., & Addleson, M. (Eds.). (1987). Regional restructuring under apartheid: Urban and regional policies in contemporary South Africa. Braamfontein: Ravan Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Turok, I. (2010). Towards a developmental state? Provincial economic policy in South Africa. Development Southern Africa, 27(4), 497–515.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Turok, I. (2011a). The new growth path: Implications for SA’s spatial economy. Paper presented at the UCT Graduate School of Business, Cape Town, 11 May.

  • Turok, I. (2011b). Spatial inequalities in South Africa: Towards a new research and policy agenda. Paper presented at the HSRC Social Sciences Conference, Birchwood Conference Centre, Benoni, 7–8 September.

  • Turok, I. (2011c). Spatial economic disparities in South Africa: Towards a new research and policy agenda. Paper presented at the Biennial Conference of the Economic Society of South Africa on 5 – 7 September, held in Stellenbosch, South Africa. [Online]. Available at: http://www.hsrc.ac.za/Document-4166.phtml Accessed 1 November 2011.

  • Turok, I., & Parnell, S. (2009). Reshaping cities, rebuilding nations: The role of national urban policies. Urban Forum, 20(2), 157–174.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Van der Merwe, J. H., & Von Holdt, D. S. (2006). Environmental footprint of aircraft noise exposure at Cape Town International Airport. The South African Geographical Journal, 88(2), 177–193.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Van der Merwe, I. J., Davids, A. J., Ferreira, S., Swart, G. P., & Zietsman, H. L. (2004). Growth potential of towns in the Western Cape. Stellenbosch: Centre for Geographical Analysis, University of Stellenbosch.

    Google Scholar 

  • Van der Merwe, J. H., Ferreira, S. L. A., & Van Niekerk, A. (2008). A spatial gap-analysis of tourism development opportunity in the Western Cape province. Stellenbosch: Centre for Geographical Analysis, Stellenbosch University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Van Huyssteen, E., Oranje, M., Robinson, S., & Makoni, E. (2009). South Africa’s city regions: A call for contemplation… and action. Urban Forum, 20(2), 175–194.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Van Huyssteen, E., Biermann, S., Naude, A., & le Roux, A. (2009). Advances in spatial analysis to support a more nuanced reading of the South African space economy. Urban Forum, 20(2), 195–214.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Van Niekerk, A. (2008). CLUES: A Web-based land use expert system for the Western Cape. PhD dissertation. Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University.

  • Varma, V. K., Ferguson, I., & Wild, I. (2000). Decision support system for the sustainable forest management. Forest Ecology and Management, 128(1–2), 49–55.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vreeker, R., Nijkamp, P., & Ter Welle, C. (2002). A multicriteria decision support methodology for evaluating airport expansion plans. Transportation Research, 7(1), 27–47.

    Google Scholar 

  • Walker, M. (2001). Resource-based industrialisation strategies: A comparative analysis of the South African and international experience. South African Geographical Journal, 33(2), 93–104.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wong, C. (2002). Developing indicators to inform local economic development in England. Urban Studies, 39(10), 1833–1863.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wood, L. J., & Dragicevic, S. (2007). GIS-based multicriteria evaluation and fuzzy sets to identify priority sites for marine protection. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16(9), 2539–2558.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yalcin, G., & Akyurek, Z. (2004). Analysing flood vulnerable areas with multicriteria evaluation. [Online]. Available at: http://cartesia.org/geodoc/isprs2004/comm2/papers/154.pdf Accessed 13 May 2008.

Download references

Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning of the Western Cape government. We thank all the local municipalities of the Western Cape for providing the data used in the indicators employed.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ronnie Donaldson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Donaldson, R., van Niekerk, A., du Plessis, D. et al. Non-metropolitan Growth Potential of Western Cape Municipalities. Urban Forum 23, 367–389 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-011-9139-4

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-011-9139-4

Keywords

  • Growth potential
  • Non-metropolitan settlements
  • Western Cape
  • Composite development potential index
  • Small towns