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Exploratory Notes on the Geography of Black Gay Leisure Spaces in Bloemfontein, South Africa

Abstract

Gay leisure space development has of late been an important area of investigation in geography. Generally, these investigations have primarily concerned white gay men in Western countries. Most of these debates have not been considered in the developing world context, particularly in Africa. This investigation explores the leisure geography of black gay men in the city of Bloemfontein. It is shown that differences in race and class positions explain a gay leisure geography which stands totally separate from that of white gay men. The investigation argues that differences in class position, linked to race, explain these separate geographies. However, it is also revealed that the black gay men of this investigation do not see exclusively gay leisure spaces as desirable and would rather seek leisure spaces that are inclusive of different sexual orientations.

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Notes

  1. Leisure is “free time”—time spent out of work and essential domestic activity. It is the period of discretionary time before or after compulsory activities such as eating and sleeping, going to work and doing homework. For an experience to qualify as leisure, it must be an experience that is a state of mind, entered into voluntarily and must moreover be intrinsically motivating of its own merits. Leisure space merely refers to those spaces in which leisure time is spent.

  2. It has to be admitted that some of this neglect can be explained by the idea that gay, lesbian or bisexual are conceptual categories that have a particular Western genealogy (Graziano 2004).

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Correspondence to Gustav Visser.

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Visser, G. Exploratory Notes on the Geography of Black Gay Leisure Spaces in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Urban Forum 19, 413–423 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-008-9039-4

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Keywords

  • Black
  • Gay
  • Men
  • Leisure
  • Bloemfontein
  • South Africa