Political Disparities in the Academy: It’s More Than Self-Selection

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Figure 1:


  1. 1.

    Mitchell Langbert, “Homogenous: The Political Affiliations of Elite Liberal Arts

    College Faculty,” Academic Questions 31, no. 2 (Summer, 2018):186-197.

  2. 2.

    Matthew Woessner and April Kelly-Woessner, "Left Pipeline: Why Conservatives Don’t Get Doctorates," Chap. 3, in The Politically Correct University: Problems, Scope, and Reforms, edited by Robert Maranto and Fredrick Hess (Washington, DC: AEI Press, 2009), 38-59.

  3. 3.

    Henry A Turner and Charles B. Spaulding, "Political Attitudes & Behavior of Selected Academically-Affiliated Professional Groups," Polity 1, no. 3 (1969): 309-336.

  4. 4.

    Christopher F. Cardiff, and Daniel B. Klein, "Faculty Partisan Affiliations in all Disciplines: A Voter-registration Study," Critical Review Critical Review 17, nos. 3-4 (2005): 237-255. See also Daniel B. Klein and Charlotta Stern, "Professors and their Politics: The Policy Views of Social Scientists," Critical Review 17, nos. 3-4 (2005): 257-303, and Stanley Rothman and S. Robert Lichter, "The Vanishing Conservative: Is there a Glass Ceiling," Chap. 4, in The Politically Correct University: Problems, Scope, and Reforms.

  5. 5.

    Mitchell Langbert, Anthony J. Quain, and Daniel B. Klein, "Faculty Voter Registration in Economics, History, Journalism, Law, and Psychology," Econ Journal Watch 13, no. 3 (2016): 422-451.

  6. 6.

    Langbert, “Homogenous”; Jon A. Shields and Joshua M. Dunn Sr., Passing on the Right: Conservative Professors in the Progressive University (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2016).

  7. 7.

    Paul F. Lazarsfeld, and Wagner Thielens, The Academic Mind (Glencoe, Ill.: The Free Press, 1958), 148.

  8. 8.

    Ibid., 150.

  9. 9.

    Woessner and Kelly-Woessner, “Left Pipeline.”

  10. 10.

    Ethan Fosse, Jeremy Freese, and Neil Gross, "Professors and Political Liberalism and Graduate School Attendance: A Longitudinal Analysis," Chap. 2, in Professors and their Politics, edited by Neil Gross and Solon Simmons (Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 2014), 53-81.

  11. 11.

    Neil Gross and Ethan Fosse, "Why are Professors Liberal?" Theory and Society 41, no. 2 (2012): 127-168.

  12. 12.

    Peter Wood, "Unnatural Selection," Chronical of Higher Education, March 22, 2011.

  13. 13.

    Lazarsfeld and Wagner, 150.

  14. 14.

    Ibid., 150.

  15. 15.

    Jon Shields and Joshua Dunn Sr., Passing on the Right.

  16. 16.

    Turner and Spaulding, “Political Attitudes & Behavior.” Also see Henry A. Turner and Carl C. Hetrick, "Political Activities and Party Affiliations of American Political Scientists," Western Political Quarterly 25, no. 3 (1972): 361-374.

  17. 17.

    Turner and Hetrick, “Political Activities and Party Affiliations,” 374.

  18. 18.

    Yoel Inbar and Joris Lammers, "Political Diversity in Social and Personality Psychology," Perspectives on Psychological Science 7, no. 5 (2012): 496-503.

  19. 19.

    Lazarsfeld and Thielens, 150.

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Wright, J.P., Motz, R.T. & Nixon, T.S. Political Disparities in the Academy: It’s More Than Self-Selection. Acad. Quest. 32, 402–411 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12129-019-09815-3

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