A Madisonian Man

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Karl Popper, The Open Society and Its Enemies (London: Routledge, 1945).

  2. 2.

    For the best discussion of these twin evils, see Richard Crossman’s edited The God That Failed (New York: Harper Brothers, 1949), particularly Arthur Koestler’s outstanding essay on joining the Communist Party, and then leaving it once and for all after its alliance with Hitler.

  3. 3.

    James W. Ceaser and Robert Maranto, “Why Political Science Is Left But Not Quite PC: Causes of Disunion and Diversity” in The Politically Correct University: Problems, Scope, and Reforms, ed. Robert Maranto, Richard E. Redding, and Frederick M. Hess (Washington, DC: AEI, 2009), 209–24; Robert Maranto and Matthew Woessner, “Diversifying the Academy: How Conservative Academics Can Thrive in Liberal Academia,” PS: Political Science and Politics, 45, no. 3 (July 2012): 469–74. For a dissenting view, see Bruce Heiden, “The Ideology of Political Science,” Academic Questions 26, no. 2 (Summer 2013): 199–207.

  4. 4.

    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, The Federalist Papers (1788), available at the Library of Congress, Thomas, http://thomas.loc.gov/home/histdox/fedpapers.html. See also Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962).

  5. 5.

    I refer to gays rather than lesbians because I have greater familiarity with the former.

  6. 6.

    Mitch Pearlstein, From Family Collapse to America’s Decline (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2012). For a summary and details on how social science has avoided this issue due to political correctness, see Robert Maranto and Michael Crouch, “Ignoring an Inequality Culprit: Single-Parent Families,” Wall Street Journal, April 21, 2014, http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303603904579493612156024266.

  7. 7.

    See my “Gays, Straights, and Mob Rule,” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 5, 2013, http://articles.philly.com/2013-04-05/news/38309745_1_gays-and-lesbians-apa-mob.

  8. 8.

    See Peter Wood, “The Campaign to Discredit Regnerus and the Assault on Peer Review,” Academic Questions 26, no. 2 (Summer 2013): 171–81.

  9. 9.

    This is actually an important distinction. Empirical studies of hiring and promotion in academia indicate that professors are somewhat tolerant of libertarian-leaning intellectuals, but far less so of religious social conservatives. See George Yancey, Compromising Scholarship: Religious and Political Bias in American Higher Education (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2011) and “Watching the Watchers: The Neglect of Academic Analysis of Progressive Groups,” Academic Questions 27, no. 1 (Spring 2014): 65–78; as well as Stanley Rothman and S. Robert Lichter, “The Vanishing Conservative—Is There a Glass Ceiling?” in Maranto, Redding, and Hess, Politically Correct University, 60–76.

  10. 10.

    Saul D. Alinsky, Rules for Radicals: A Pragmatic Primer for Realistic Radicals (New York: Random House, 1971).

  11. 11.

    Stanley Rothman, The End of the Experiment: The Rise of Cultural Elites and the Decline of America’s Civic Culture, ed. Althea Nagai, Robert Maranto, Matthew C. Woessner, and David J. Rothman (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2015).

  12. 12.

    Frederick M. Hess, “10 Thoughts about the AP U.S. History Framework,” Rick Hess Straight Up (blog), Education Week, September 10, 2014, http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/rick_hess_straight_up/2014/09/10_thoughts_on_the_new_ap_us_history_framework.html.

  13. 13.

    Stephen P. Powers, David J. Rothman, and Stanley Rothman, Hollywood’s America: Social and Political Themes in Motion Pictures (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996). Though not a topic of the book, it is interesting to consider how recent movies treat human decency during the Holocaust. Schindler’s List quite properly lionized a hedonist who saved a thousand Jews from Hitler’s death camps. Yet another award-winning movie adaptation of a true story, The Pianist, censored out the religious motivations of the main character’s protector, German Captain Wilm Hosenfeld, instead portraying him as motivated by music—something filmmakers could understand. Similarly, Portuguese diplomat Aristides de Sousa Mendes disobeyed orders and issued more than ten thousand visas to Jews and others, perhaps saving more of Hitler’s victims than anyone else. Impoverished by his defiance, Sousa Mendes declared, “I would stand with God against man, rather than with man against God.” It is inconceivable that today’s Hollywood film this story; indeed, no one has.

  14. 14.

    Robert Lerner, Althea K. Nagai, and Stanley Rothman, Molding the Good Citizen: The Politics of High School History Texts (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995).

  15. 15.

    See Chester E. Finn Jr., Troublemaker: A Personal History of School Reform since Sputnik (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008) and Jonathan Zimmerman, Whose America? Culture Wars in the Public Schools (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002). On the political views of professors generally and historians in particular, see Maranto, Redding, and Hess, Politically Correct University.

  16. 16.

    Hess, “10 Thoughts.”

  17. 17.

    Oscar Wilde, The Soul of Man (London: Arthur L. Humpreys, 1900), 80–81.

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Maranto, R. A Madisonian Man. Acad. Quest. 28, 443–450 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12129-015-9534-8

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Keywords

  • Academic Question
  • Limited Government
  • American Educational Research Association
  • Religious Motivation
  • American Political Science Association