Content Analysis: It’s Not Bean-Counting

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  1. 1.

    Robert Lerner, Althea K. Nagai, and Stanley Rothman, Molding the Good Citizen: The Politics of High School History Texts (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995), 161–62, 165–70.

  2. 2.

    S. Robert Lichter, Linda S. Lichter, and Stanley Rothman, Prime Time: How TV Portrays American Culture (Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, Inc., 1994). Stephen P. Powers, David J. Rothman, and Stanley Rothman, Hollywood’s America: Social and Political Themes in Motion Pictures (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996).

  3. 3.

    S. Robert Lichter and Stanley Rothman, Environmental Cancer—A Political Disease? (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999). Stanley Rothman and S. Robert Lichter, “Elite Ideology and Risk Perception in Nuclear Energy Policy,” American Political Science Review 81, no. 2 (June 1987): 383–404.

  4. 4.

    Mark Snyderman and Stanley Rothman, The IQ Controversy, the Media and Public Policy (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1988).

  5. 5.

    Althea K. Nagai, Robert Lerner, and Stanley Rothman, Giving for Social Change: Foundations, Public Policy, and the American Political Agenda (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994).

  6. 6.

    Snyderman and Rothman, IQ Controversy.

  7. 7.

    Rothman and Lichter, “Elite Ideology.”

  8. 8.

    Diane Ravitch and Chester E. Finn Jr., What Do Our 17-Year-Olds Know? A Report on the First National Assessment of History and Literature (New York: Harper Collins, 1989). The survey was originally conducted by the U.S. Department of Education as part of the National Assessment of Educational Progress.

  9. 9.

    They could identify Edison (95 percent), when Washington was president (88 percent), and who wrote the Declaration of Independence (87 percent).

  10. 10.

    The list of scholars is from John Fonte, Sovereignty or Submission: Will Americans Rule Themselves or Be Ruled by Others? (New York: Encounter Books, 2011), 77.

  11. 11.

    Lynne V. Cheney, “The National History (Sub)Standards,” Wall Street Journal, October 23, 1995, available at

  12. 12.

    The findings are summarized in John D. Fonte and Robert Lerner, “History Standards Are Not Fixed,” Society 34, no. 2 (January-February 1997): 20–25, and Fonte, Sovereignty or Submission, 77–79.

  13. 13.

    Fonte and Lerner, “History Standards,” 22.

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Correspondence to Althea Nagai.

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Nagai, A. Content Analysis: It’s Not Bean-Counting. Acad. Quest. 28, 472–479 (2015).

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  • Content Analysis
  • Western Civilization
  • Wall Street Journal
  • History Standard
  • History Textbook