Ageing International

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 117–127 | Cite as

Self-Perceived Health, Physical State and Motor and Body Competences in Spanish Elderly People

  • María Espada MateosEmail author
  • José Carlos Calero Cano
  • Silvia Carrascal Dominguez
  • Rosa De Las Heras


In the last few years it has become evident how the populations of the elderly in developed countries are increasing faster and faster, and are becoming associated with a determined quality of life. This demographic change is a very interesting research topic since this aging is related to quality of life. The current study is about the existing relationship between health, physical state and motor and body competences in people of over 65 years of age living in Spain; and is based on self- awareness. The total sample was made up of 933 people (57.72% women and 42.28% men). This study is based on a regular survey carried out with different respondents. The following aspects were considered in the calculation of the sample: the population was finite; so the most unfavorable case was taken in the population variance where “P” and “Q” are equal accounting for 50% each, the confidence interval was 95.5% and the margin of error ± 3.27%. The results show that health is directly related to physical and motor competences. So, by self-evaluating their health and physical state in positive terms, the subjects feel like moving more and more, and they have a better conception of themselves; so raising their self-esteem improves their quality of life.


Elderly people Motor competence Body competences and quality of life 



The research presented here is part of the R&D project DEP2005-00161-C03-01: The effects of population aging on the infrastructure, sports, management, ¡and barriers for the ederly in Spain. co-funded by the Ministry of Education and Science and the European Union (European Regional Development Fund). It also received assistance for R&D from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and Universidad de Alcalá.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

We have no conflict of interest to declare.

Informed Consent

Each participant was informed about the characteristics of the research, the anonymity of their answers and their protection according to the Data Protection Law. When the participants had given their verbal consent to participate in the study, we proceeded to administer the questionnaire. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical Treatment of Experimental Subjects (Human and Animal)

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Espada Mateos
    • 1
    Email author
  • José Carlos Calero Cano
    • 2
  • Silvia Carrascal Dominguez
    • 3
  • Rosa De Las Heras
    • 4
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF), Dpto. Ciencias Sociales de la Actividad Física, el Deporte y del OcioUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Formación Guzmán el BuenoMadridSpain
  3. 3.Facultad de EducaciónUniversidad Camilo José CelaMadridSpain
  4. 4.Facultad de Educación. Departamento de Didáctica de la Educación FísicaUniversidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR)MadridSpain

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