Ageing International

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 55–67 | Cite as

Gender and Residency Effects on Elderly Health in Turkey

  • Berrak Bora BasaraEmail author
  • Salih Mollahaliloglu
  • Erman Pulgat
  • Sahin Kavuncubasi


The proportion of the elderly population grows not only in Turkey but also in the whole world due to reduced fertility rate and extended life expectancy. While 65 age and over population quintile constituted only 4.3 % of the total population in 1990, the proportion of the elderly population raised to 7.2 % as of late 2010. This study is based on the data collected from total 1,540 respondents at 65 ages and over who were interviewed in the Health Interview Survey 2008. Main aim of this study is providing a description of the socio-demographic characteristics of the elderly population and investigating the gender and residential effects on their daily activities and presence of chronic diseases. Both being an elder female and living in rural areas are found to be significant risk factors for some certain diseases. Additionally, both elder females and elder population living in rural areas assess their health poorer than males and those in urban areas, respectively. Therefore, defining policies especially focusing on difficulties of women and elders in rural areas seems to be a necessity. In order to increase quality of life of overall elderly population, attaching further importance to the elderly care services, establishing more facilities and employing more personnel might be considered as precautions.


Elderly Aging Chronic diseases Challenges Health Status 



We would like to express our most sincere gratitude and appreciation to Prof. Dr. Recep AKDAG, the Minister of Health of Turkey, and to Prof. Dr. Nihat TOSUN, the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health of Turkey, for inspiring us to draft up this article, and we also wish to give our deepest thanks to Mr. Kerem ULUDAG for his guidance and assistance in the development of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Berrak Bora Basara
    • 1
    Email author
  • Salih Mollahaliloglu
    • 2
  • Erman Pulgat
    • 1
  • Sahin Kavuncubasi
    • 3
  1. 1.Turkish Ministry of Health, General Directorate of Health ResearchAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Turkish Ministry of Health, Health Policies Board MemberAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Baskent UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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