Skip to main content
Log in

Lost in Datafication? - A Typology of (Emotion) Data Contextualization

  • Published:
Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

This article elaborates on the meaning of “context” for data created in interdisciplinary research on emotions. Particularly with regard to the potential reuse of scientific data, the elicitation of contexts can contribute to a better assessment of emotion data. Beyond a discussion of social scientific conceptualizations of “context” focusing on the situational and cultural contexts and their respective interrelations, this article presents the findings of an empirical study on datafication processes in interdisciplinary emotion research. Based on 123 survey responses and 15 in-depth interviews, a multitude of contextual dimensions will be reviewed. The typology of contexts, ranging from method-specific aspects and researchers’ subjectivities to the contextual embeddedness of the research objects, provides a schema suitable for various epistemological approaches. The proposed typology can serve as a framework for emotion researchers to reflect on their research practice and interactions with research participants. The empirical findings also show the limitations of contextualization pertaining to tacit knowledge, implicit knowledge, embodied emotions and ethical considerations. The article concludes with suggestions for further research, pointing to intercultural settings, the integration of contexts and particular scenarios for data reuse.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Barrett, L. F., Mesquita, B., & Gendron, M. (2011). Context in emotion perception. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20(5), 286–290.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Barth, F. (2002). An anthropology of knowledge. Current Anthropology, 43(1), 1–18.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Beatty, A. (2013). Current emotion research in anthropology: Reporting the field. Emotion Review, 5(4), 414–422.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bishop, L., & Kuula-Luumi, A. (2017). Revisiting qualitative data reuse: A decade on. SAGE Open, 7(1), 1–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boellstorff, T., & Lindquist, J. (2004). Bodies of emotion: Rethinking culture and emotion through Southeast Asia. Ethnos, 69(4), 437–444.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boiger, M., & Mesquita, B. (2012). The construction of emotion in interactions, relationships, and cultures. Emotion Review, 4(3), 221–229.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Burkitt, I. (1997). Social relationships and emotions. Sociology, 31(1), 37–55.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Clifford, J., & Marcus, G. E. (1986). Writing culture: the poetics and politics of ethnography. Berkeley u.a. University of California Press.

  • Daston, L., & Galison, P. (2007). Objectivity. New York: Zone Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • De Leersnyder, J., Mesquita, B., & Kim, H. S. (2011). Where do my emotions belong? A study of immigrants’ emotional acculturation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(4), 451–463.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Dixon, T. (2012). “Emotion”: The history of a keyword in crisis. Emotion Review, 4(4), 338–344.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Drucker, J. (2011). Humanities approaches to graphical display. Digital Humanities Quarterly, 5(1), s.p. http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/5/1/000091/000091.html. Accessed 03/12/2018.

  • Elfenbein, H. A., Beaupré, M., Lévesque, M., & Hess, U. (2007). Toward a dialect theory: Cultural differences in the expression and recognition of posed facial expressions. Emotion, 7(1), 131–146.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Engelen, E., Markowitsch, H. J., Scheve, C., Röttger-Rössler, B., Holodynski, M., & Vandekerckhove, M. (2009). Emotions as bio-cultural processes. Disciplinary approaches and interdisciplinary outlook. In B. Röttger-Rössler (Ed.), Emotions as bio-cultural processes (pp. 25–53). New York: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fielding, N. (2004). Getting the most from archived qualitative data: Epistemological, practical and professional obstacles. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7(1), 97–104.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fischer, A. (1991). Emotion scripts: A study of the social and cognitive facets of emotions. Leiden: DSWO Press, Leiden University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fischer, A. H., Manstead, A. S. R., & Zaalberg, R. (2003). Social influences on the emotion process. European Review of Social Psychology, 14(1), 171–201.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fridlund, A. J. (1994). Human facial expression: an evolutionary view. San Diego [u.a.]: Acad. Press.

  • Frijda, N. H., & Mesquita, B. (1994). The social roles and functions of emotions. In S. Kitayama & H. R. Markus (Eds.), Emotion and culture : empirical studies of mutual influence (1. ed., pp. 51–87). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gillies, V., & Edwards, R. (2005). Secondary analysis in exploring family and social change: Addressing the issue of context. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 6(1) Retrieved from http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114fqs0501444.

  • Godbold, N. (2015). Researching emotions in interactions: Seeing and Analysing live processes. Emotion Review, 7(2), 163–168.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Goddard, C. (1995). Conceptual and cultural issues in emotion research. Culture & Psychology, 1(2), 289–298.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Goodwin, M. H., & Goodwin, C. (2001). Emotion within situated activity. In A. Duranti (Ed.), Linguistic anthropology: A reader (reprinted ed., pp. 239–257). Oxford: Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

  • Granet, M. (1922). Le langage de la douleur, d'après le rituel funéraire de la Chine classique. Journal de Psychologie, 19, 97–118.

    Google Scholar 

  • Griffiths, P. E., & Scarantino, A. (2008). Emotions in the wild: The situated perspective on emotion. In P. Robbins & M. Aydede (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of situated cognition (pp. 437–453). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Hochschild, A. R. (1979). Emotion work, feeling rules, and social structure. American Journal of Sociology, 85(3), 551–575.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hollan, D. W., & Throop, C. J. (2011). The anthropology of empathy: Experiencing the lives of others in Pacific societies (1. publ. ed.). New York: Berghahn Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Holodynski, M. (2013). The internalization theory of emotions: A cultural historical approach to the development of emotions. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 20(1), 4–38.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hong, G. (2004). Emotions in culturally-constituted relational worlds. Culture & Psychology, 10(1), 53–63.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Izard, C. E. (2010). The many meanings/aspects of emotion: Definitions, functions, activation, and regulation. Emotion Review, 2(4), 363–370.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Izard, C. E. (2011). Forms and functions of emotions: Matters of emotion–cognition interactions. Emotion Review, 3(4), 371–378.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Josephs, I. E. (1995). The problem of emotions from the perspective of psychological semantics. Culture & Psychology, 1(2), 279–288.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kagan, J. (2018). Brain and emotion. Emotion Review, 10(1), 79–86.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kelder, J. (2005). Using someone Else's data: Problems, pragmatics and provisions. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 6(1) Retrieved from http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0501396.

  • Kemper, T. D. (1984). Power, status, and emotions: A sociological contribution to a psychological domain. In K. R. Scherer (Ed.), Approaches to emotion (pp. 369–383). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kindermann, T. A., & Valsiner, J. (1995). Epilogue: directions for the study of developing person-context relations. In T. A. Kindermann & J. Valsiner (Eds.), Development of Person-Context Relations (pp. 227–240). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

  • Knorr-Cetina, K. (1999). Epistemic cultures: How the sciences make knowledge ([1. publ.] ed.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kristensen, D. B., & Ruckenstein, M. (2018). Co-evolving with self-tracking technologies. New Media & Society, 20(10), 3624–3640.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lehmann, J., Stodulka, T., & Huber, E. (2018). H2020 project K-PLEX: WP4 report on data, Knowledge Organisation and Epistemics, Research Report, Freie Universität Berlin 2018. Retrieved from https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01761214

  • Levy, R. I. (1984). Emotion, knowing, and Culture. In R. A. Shweder & R. A. LeVine (Eds.), Culture theory: Essays on mind, self and emotion (1. publ. ed., pp. 214–237). Cambridge u.a.: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lindquist, K. A., & Gendron, M. (2013). What’s in a word? Language constructs emotion perception. Emotion Review, 5(1), 66–71.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1994). The cultural shaping of emotion: A conceptual framework. In S. Kitayama & H. R. Markus (Eds.), Emotion and culture : empirical studies of mutual influence (1. ed., pp. 339–351). Washington: American Psychological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Masuda, T., Ellsworth, P. C., Mesquita, B., Leu, J., Tanida, S., & Veerdonk, E. (2008). Placing the face in context: Cultural differences in the perception of facial emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94(3), 365–381.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Matt, S. J. (2011). Current emotion research in history: Or, doing history from the inside out. Emotion Review, 3(1), 117–124.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mesquita, B., & Boiger, M. (2014). Emotions in context: A Sociodynamic model of emotions. Emotion Review, 6(4), 298–302.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moore, N. (2006). The contexts of context: Broadening perspectives in the (re)use of qualitative data. Methodological Innovations Online, 1(2), 21–32.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mulligan, K., & Scherer, K. R. (2012). Toward a working definition of emotion. Emotion Review, 4(4), 345–357.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nogueira, A. L. H. (2014). Emotional experience, meaning, and sense production: Interweaving concepts to dialogue with the funds of identity approach. Culture & Psychology, 20(1), 49–58.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Parkinson, B. (1996). Emotions are social. British Journal of Psychology, 87, 663–683.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Parkinson, B., & Simons, G. (2012). Worry spreads: Interpersonal transfer of problem-related anxiety. Cognition and Emotion, 26(3), 462–479.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Reddy, W. M. (2001). The navigation of feeling: a framework for the history of emotions (1. Publ. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Rogers, K. B., Schröder, T., & von Scheve, C. (2014). Dissecting the sociality of emotion: A multilevel approach. Emotion Review, 6(2), 124–133.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rosaldo, R. (1993). Grief and Headhunter's rage. In R. Rosaldo (Ed.), Culture & Truth (pp. 1–21). Boston: Beacon Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Röttger-Rössler, B., Scheidecker, G., Jung, S., & Holodynski, M. (2013). Socializing emotions in childhood: A cross-cultural comparison between the bara in Madagascar and the Minangkabau in Indonesia. Mind, Culture, and Activity, 20(3), 260–287.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Röttger-Rössler, B., Scheidecker, G., Funk, L., & Holodynski, M. (2015). Learning (by) feeling: A cross-cultural comparison of the socialization and development of emotions. Ethos, 43(2), 187–220.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Russell, J. A. (1991). Culture and the categorization of emotions. Psychological Bulletin, 110(November 1991), 426–450.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Russell, J. A. (2014). Four perspectives on the psychology of emotion: An introduction. Emotion Review, 6(4), 291–291. https://doi.org/10.1177/1754073914534558.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sanford, K. (2012). The communication of emotion during conflict in married couples. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(3), 297–307.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Scheer, M. (2012). Are emotions a kind of practice (and is that what makes them have a history)? A Bourdieuian approach to understanding emotion. History and Theory, 51(2), 193–220.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Scherer, K. R. (2001). Appraisal considered as a process of multi-level sequential checking. In T. Johnstone, A. Schorr, & K. R. Scherer (Eds.), Appraisal Processes in Emotion : Theory, Methods, Research (pp. 92–120). Oxford. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Seitamaa-Hakkarainen, P., Laamanen, T.-K., Viitala, J., & Mäkelä, M. (2013). Materiality and emotions in making. Techne Series: Research in Sloyd Education and Craft Science A, 20(3), 5–19.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shweder, R. A., & Beldo, L. (2015). Culture: Contemporary views. In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences, 2nd edition (Second edition ed., pp. 582–589). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

    Google Scholar 

  • Slaby, J., Mühlhoff, R., & Wüschner, P. (2017). Affective arrangements. Emotion Review, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1177/1754073917722214.

  • Stodulka, T. (2017a). Coming of age on the streets of Java: Coping with marginality, stigma and illness. Bielefeld: transcript.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stodulka, T. (2017b). Towards an integrative anthropology of emotion – A case study from Yogyakarta. In A. Storch (Ed.), Consensus and dissent: Negotiating emotion in the public space (pp. 9–34). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

  • Stodulka, T., Dinkelaker, S., & Thajib, F. (2019, in press). Fieldwork, Ethnography and the Empirical Affect Montage. In A. Kahl (Ed.), Analyzing Affective Societies: Methods and Methodologies. Abington, New York: Routledge.

  • Strathern, M. (1995). Shifting contexts: transformations in anthropological knowledge (1. publ. ed.). London [u.a.]: Routledge.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Swap, S. M. (1978). The ecological model of emotional disturbance in children: A status report and proposed synthesis. Behavioral Disorders, 3(3), 186–196.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taipale, J. (2016). Self-regulation and beyond: Affect regulation and the infant–caregiver dyad. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 889–889.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Thamm, R. (2004). Towards a universal power and status theory of emotion. In Advances in Group Processes: Vol. 21. Theory and Research on Human Emotions (pp. 189–222): Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • Trommsdorff, G., & Kornadt, H. (2002). Parent-child relations in cross-cultural perspective. In L. Kuczynski (Ed.), Handbook of dynamics in parent-child relations (pp. 271–305). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc..

    Google Scholar 

  • Valsiner, J. (1994). Co-constructionism: What is (and is not) in a name? In P. Geert, L. P. Mos, & W. J. Baker (Eds.), Annals of theoretical psychology (Vol. 10, pp. 343–368). Boston: Springer.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Wierzbicka, A. (1995). Emotion and facial expression: A semantic perspective. Culture & Psychology, 1(2), 227–258.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Stodulka for his advice during the writing of this article.

Funding

This study was funded by the H2020 LEIT Information and Communication Technologies programme, grant number 732340.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jörg Lehmann.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lehmann, J., Huber, E. Lost in Datafication? - A Typology of (Emotion) Data Contextualization. Integr. psych. behav. 53, 357–373 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-018-9470-6

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-018-9470-6

Keywords

Navigation