Journal of Labor Research

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 82–99 | Cite as

Religiosity and Labour Earnings in Canadian Provinces

  • Maryam Dilmaghani


Using recent data from the Canadian General Social Survey, I examine how religious belief and practice relate to labour earnings in Canada. Noting that religious landscape strongly varies across Canadian provinces, I explore whether these discrepancies are reflected in the association of wages and religiosity indicators, for men and women. Moreover, I identify two groups of individuals, one without any tie with religion and spirituality, and the other shaping their lives around them. I find that males belonging to the least religious group earn significantly below otherwise identical individuals in the high affiliation province of Newfoundland, while they enjoy a ceteris paribus wage premium in the low religiosity provinces of British Columbia and Québec. Females of the most religious group, on the other hand, are found at a disadvantage in the Canadian west, where affiliation with Conservative Protestantism is more prevalent.


Religiosity Wage Gender Canada 

JEL Classification

J15 J31 Z12 


Compliance with Ethical Standards


This study was not funded.

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics, Sobey School of BusinessSaint Mary’s UniversityHalifaxCanada

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