Journal of Labor Research

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 52–74 | Cite as

The Gender Pay Gap in the US: Does Sector Make a Difference?

  • Paul W. MillerEmail author


Analyses of data from the 2000 US Census show that the gender pay gap differs by sector of employment and according to the part of the earnings distribution that is considered. The gender pay differential in the private sector in the US does not display either the glass ceiling or sticky floor effects that have been reported for many other countries. The government sector is, however, characterized by a distinct sticky floor effect in the female–male pay differential. Regardless of the sector of employment, females have lower hourly rates of pay than men across the entire earnings distribution.


Earnings Gender Glass ceiling Sticky floor Sector 



The author acknowledges financial support from the Australian Research Council, and the research assistance of Derby Voon.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Business SchoolUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

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