Challenges and opportunities of business process outsourcing in India

Abstract

We identify managerial challenges and opportunities faced by business process outsourcing (BPO) firms in India by interviewing 28 executives in lower (n = 10), middle (n = 11), and upper management (n = 7) in 15 BPO firms. Content analysis of the responses revealed human resources and organizationrelated challenges as the most critical issues. SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportu-nities, Threats) analysis uncovered future opportunities, e.g., Knowledge Process Outsourcing. Secondary data, from four global research agencies and a national trade association, supported our findings. Organizational changes to address challenges and to exploit opportunities are explored.

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Mehta, A., Armenakis, A., Mehta, N. et al. Challenges and opportunities of business process outsourcing in India. J Labor Res 27, 323–338 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12122-006-1026-8

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Keywords

  • Business Process
  • Core Competency
  • Relational View
  • Middle Management Level
  • Primary Data Analysis