Journal of Labor Research

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 645–656 | Cite as

How race affects dismissals of college football coaches

  • Franklin G. Mixon
  • Len J. Treviño


We employ a discretetime hazard model and a Blinder-decomposition approach to explore the possibility of racial discrimination in the dismissal and retention of college football coaches by university administrations. A rich data set consisting of 81 institutions over an 11-year period (1990–2000) that contains, in addition to a coach's race, variables on cumulative winning records, annual on-the-field improvements, and pre-/post-season game participation by institutions and their coaches is employed. Our study finds that black coaches, on average, face a dismissal probability that is 9.6 percentage points below that of their nonblack counterparts, ceteris paribus, suggesting that black head coaches may be the beneficiaries of favorable treatment by university administrators. Such a result likely stems from universities ' approach to social concerns involving race and gender issues. This finding also fits a construct that considers workplace discrimination as multi-dimensional. For example, black representation in the college football coaching ranks may be disproportionately low, possibly as a result of discrimination. However, once hired, black coaches are given more time to succeed than nonblacks, other things constant.


Racial Discrimination National Collegiate Athletic Association Wage Discrimination Head Coach College Football 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franklin G. Mixon
    • 1
  • Len J. Treviño
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Southern MississippiHattiesburg39406
  2. 2.Washington State UniversityPullman

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