To Know Ourselves: Possible Meanings of Canadian Pornography
All television broadcasters in Canada are required to meet Canadian content regulations. This requirement includes sexually explicit adult channels. Whenever this requirement comes to the attention of the media, through a license application or hearing, there is comic speculation about what might be considered Canadian content in pornography. However, a review of some adult films made in Canada show a distinct Canadian pornography already exists. As with other cultural industries, the pornographic film industry in Canada exists in the shadow of American domination, but survives through various means such as product differentiation, appeals to nationalism, and government support. These factors create conditions that encourage distinct pornography. This paper also considers possible cultural implications of a distinct national pornography, the role of the government in controlling pornographic content through extra-legal means, and the implications of that control.
KeywordsCanada Pornography Television Film Porn studies
- Binnie, J. (2004). The globalization of sexuality. London, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission. (2007, October 30). Broadcasting Decision—CRTC 2008-170; Application No. 2007-1524-5, Appendix 5. Government of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.crtc.gc.ca/public/broad/applications/2007/2007-1524-5.zip.
- CRTC Approves of Sexual Degradation Canadian Style. (2008, August 25). Retrieved November 11, 2008, from http://www.familyaction.org/Articles/issues/sexuality/crtc-approves.htm (no longer available).Google Scholar
- Debbie does Flin Flon [Editorial]. (2008, August 16). National Post. Don Mills, ON, Canada. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.proxy.library.carleton.ca/docview/330753934?pq-origsite=summon.
- Diamond Dog. (2003). Bubble cum [DVD]. Doghouse Digital.Google Scholar
- Everhard, E. (2006). Canadian beaver #2 [DVD]. Valentine Video.Google Scholar
- Friedman, M. (2002). Working out the kinks: Advancing the pornography debate. ProQuest, UMI Dissertations Publishing, Ottawa. Retrieved from https://curve.carleton.ca/theses/26514
- Gable, B. (2014, March 7). CRTC demands more Canadian content in adult movies [Editorial cartoon]. The globe and mail. Toronto.Google Scholar
- Hall, A. C., & Bishop, M. J. (Eds.). (2007). Pop-Porn: Pornography in American culture. Westport, Conn: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Hopper, T. (2014, March 5). Your porn is not Canadian enough, CRTC warns erotica channels. National Post. Retrieved from http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/your-porn-is-not-canadian-enough-crtc-warns-erotica-channels.
- Lejtenyi, P. (2008, September 10). If You Air It, Will They Come? Montreal Mirror. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120630172327/montrealmirror.com/2008/090408/news2.html.
- Maple Syrup Porn: The Secret History of Quebec Popular Cinema. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://www.canuxploitation.com/article/cochons.html.
- Marchand, R. (1998). Quebec perversity #5 [DVD]. Inner View Video.Google Scholar
- Maxine. (2005). The thief [DVD]. Maxine X.Google Scholar
- Milter, K. S., & Slade, J. W. (2005). Global Traffic in Pornography: The Hungarian example. In L. Z. Sigel (Ed.), International exposure: Perspectives on modern European pornography, 1800–2000 (pp. 173–204). Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- Noel, A. (2008, August 16). Canada’s own TV porn Peaks in Alberta. Canoe—Sun Media. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20110816040546/cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/MediaNews/2008/08/16/pf-6475386.html.
- Ontario Film Review Board. (2011). Ontario film review board annual report 2010/2011. Retrieved from http://www.ofrb.gov.on.ca/english/Annual%20Report%2010-11.pdf.
- Paasonen, S., & Saarenmaa, L. (2008). The golden age of porn: Nostalgia and history in cinema. In K. Nikunen, S. Paasonen, & L. Saarenmaa (Eds.), Pornification: Sex and sexuality in media culture (pp. 23–32). Oxford, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.Google Scholar
- Sigel, L. Z. (2005). Introduction: Issues and problems in the history of pornography. In L. Z. Sigel (Ed.), International exposure: Perspectives on modern European pornography, 1800–2000 (pp. 1–26). Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- Smith, C. (2005). A perfectly British business: Stagnation, continuities, and change on the top shelf. In L. Z. Sigel (Ed.), International exposure: Perspectives on modern European pornography, 1800–2000 (pp. 146–173). Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- Smith, K. (2008). Zack and Miri Make a Porno. New York, NY: The Weinstein Company.Google Scholar
- Steve. (1998). Montreal perversions #3 [DVD]. Inner View Video.Google Scholar
- Steve. (1999). Quebec’s little angels #2 (Les Petits Anges Pervers du Quebec) [DVD]. Inner View Video.Google Scholar
- Surridge, G. (2008, August 15). Films with local stars “a real turn-on”; CRTC approval offers no promise of carriage. National Post. Don Mills, ON, Canada. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.proxy.library.carleton.ca/docview/330811257?pq-origsite=summon.
- Taylor, K. (2014, March 6). CRTC’s Porn channel move highlights serious questions about broadcasting rules. The globe and mail. Toronto. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/television/kate-taylor-crtcs-porn-channel-move-highlights-serious-questions-about-broadcasting-rules/article17342047/.
- Williams, L. (1999). Hard core: Power, pleasure, and the “frenzy of the visible” (Expanded ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Wolfe, R. (2007). Fresh faces #8 [DVD].Google Scholar