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Framing organized crime and entrepreneurs’ reactions in Mexico: variations in the International Press


This paper presents a study on framing theory and entrepreneurs’ strategic responses in a narcoterrorism context. We obtain our results using a sequential explanatory mixed-method research design of international news, which aims to identify and analyze the themes that the international press covers in relation to narcoterrorism and to study entrepreneurs’ strategic responses to narcoterrorism as covered in news reports. Our quantitative content analysis (QCA) results show differences among journalists’ news stories using conflict, economic and morality frames in Mexico, the United States (US) and the European Union (EU). Our thematic analysis results present explanatory accounts for entrepreneurs’ selection of acquiescence, avoidance, defiance and manipulation tactics as strategic responses in a narcoterrorism context. Our contribution comprises explanatory accounts of frame theory’s effects on entrepreneurs and specific examples of their strategic responses to narcoterrorism.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jacobo Ramirez.

Ethics declarations

This work was supported by the Department of Department of Intercultural Communication and Management (ICM) at Copenhagen Business School (CBS) under grant ICM HoDD, and it was co-sponsored by CBS’s Competitive Platform and the Political Communication Laboratory (LACOP) at the Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration at Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.

Ethical approval

None of the studies cited in this article makes use of human participants or animals.

Conflict of Interest

Jacobo Ramirez has received research grants from the Department of Department of Intercultural Communication and Management (ICM) at Copenhagen Business School (CBS) under grant ICM HoDD and was co-sponsored by CBS’ Competitive Platform. Author Carlos Muñiz received research grant from the Policy Communication Laboratory at the Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration at Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Jacobo Ramirez declares that he has no conflict of interest. Carlos Muñiz declares that he has no conflict of interest.

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Ramirez, J., Muñiz, C. Framing organized crime and entrepreneurs’ reactions in Mexico: variations in the International Press. Trends Organ Crim 21, 24–41 (2018).

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  • Framing
  • Media effects
  • Entrepreneurs
  • Narcoterrorism
  • Strategic responses