Adamoli, S., A. Di Nicola, W.U. Savona, and P. Zoffi. Organised Crime around the World, Helsinki, Finland: Heuni, 1998.
Albini, J. The American Mafia: Genesis of a Legend, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1971.
Beare, Margaret E. and Frederick T. Martens. “Policing Organized Crime: The Comparative Structures, Traditions and Policies Within the United States and Canada,” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 14(4) (November 1998): 398–427.
Bingsong, He. “Organized Crime: A Perspective from China,” in Jay S. Albanese, Dilip -K. Das, and Arvind Verma (eds.), Organized Crime:World Persperctives, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.
Chambliss, William J. On the Take: From Petty Crooks to Presidents, Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University, published 1978; Second Edition 1988.
Chin, Ko-lin. “Transnational Organized Crime Activities.” Paper presented at International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council conference in Courmayer, Italy, September 25–27, 1998. Available: School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University.
Clarke, Ronald V. and Rick Brown. “International Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles,” Crime and Justice 30 (2003): 197–223.
Conseil de l'Europa, Comité d'experts sur les aspects de droit penal et las aspects criminologiques de la criminalité (PC-CO), Questionnaire: Strasbourg, France, August 1997.
di Argentine, Adolfo Beria. “The Mafias in Italy,” in Ernesto U. Savona (ed.), Mafia Issues: Analyses and proposals for combating the mafia today, International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council of the United Nationals Crime and Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme (ISPAC), 1992.
Eck, John W. and Jeffrey G. Gersh. “Drug Trafficking as a Cottage Industry,” in Mangai Natarajan and Mike Hough (eds.), Illegal Drug Markets: From Research to Prevention Policy, Vol. 11 of Crime Prevention Studies, Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, 2000.
Hagan, Frank E. “The Organized Crime Continuum: A Further Specification of a New Conceptual Model,” Criminal Justice Review 8 (1983): 52–57.
Healy, Patrick. “Investigators Say Fraud Ring Staged Thousands of Crashes,” New York Times (August 12, 2003): Al.
Hess, Henner. Mafia and Mafiosi: The Structure of Power, Lexington, MA: Heath Lexington Books, 1973.
Ianni, Francis and Elizabeth Ruess-Ianni. “A Family Business: Business and Societal Organization in the Lupollo Family,” in Ianni and Ruess-Ianni (eds.), The Crime Society: Organized Crime and Corruption in America, New York: Times-Mirror, 1976: 239–254.
Jacobs, James B., Coleen Friel, and Robert Radick. Gotham Unbound, New York and London: New York University Press, 1999.
Maltz, Michael. “Toward Defining Organized Crime,” in H.E. Alexander and G. Caiden (eds.), The Politics and Economics of Organized Crime, Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1985.
—. Measuring the Effectiveness of Organized Crime Control Efforts, Chicago: Office of International Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1990.
—. “Defining Organized Crime,” in Robert J. Kelly, Ko-Lin Chin, and Rufus Schatzberg (eds.), Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States, Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Natarajan, Mangai and Mathieu Belanger. “Varieties of Drug Trafficking Organizations: A Typology of Cases Prosecuted in New York City,” Journal of Drug Issues 28, 1998: 1005–1026.
National Research Council. Transnational Organized Crime: Summary of a Workshop, Washington, DC: National Academy Press (1999).
Orlando, Leoluca. Fighting the Mafia and Renewing Sicilian Culture, San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2001.
President's Commission on Organized Crime. “The Impact: Organized Crime Today,” Washington DC: Government Printing Office 1986.
Reuter, Peter. “Research on American Organized Crime,” in Robert B. Kelly, Ko-lin Chin, and Rufus Schatzberg (eds.), Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Schneider, Jane C. and Peter T. Schneider. Reversible Destiny, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.
Shelling, T. “What is the Business of Organized Crime?” in R. Ianni and E. Ruess-Ianni (eds.), The Crime Society—Organized Crime and Corruption in America, New York: Times-Mirror, 1976: 69–82.
Smith, Dwight. The Mafia Mystique, New York: Basic Books, 1975.
Tilly, Charles. Foreword to Anton Blok, The Mafia of a Sicilian Village, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1974.
United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. Excerpt in Trends in Organized Crime, 5:4 (Summer 2000).
United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention. “Assessing Transnational Organized Crime: Results of a Pilot Survey of 40 Selected Organized Criminal Groups in 16 Countries,” Trends in Organized Crime 6:2 (Winter 2000): 48–49.
Von Lampe, Klaus. “The Trafficking in Untaxed Cigarettes in Germany: A Case Study of the Social Embeddedness of Illegal Markets,” in P.C. von Duyne, K. von Lampe, N. Passas (eds.), Upperworld and Underworld in Cross-Border Crime, Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2002: 141–161.