Table 3 Survey year/month and electoral proximity

From: Elections, Ethnic Parties, and Ethnic Identification in New Democracies: Evidence from the Baltic States

  Survey year/month The closest election (months of election) Ethnic majority parties Ethnic minority parties Ethnic majority identity Ethnic minority identity
Year Month Majority group
(num of obs)
All
(num of obs)
Minority group
(num of obs)
All
(num of obs)
Estonia 1993 September 1992 elections (12) 61.4 % 0.0 % 67.8 % (1992) 35.4 % (1962) 32.3 % (970) 16 % (1962)
1995 April 1995 elections (1) 12.9 % 5.9 % 63.1 % (644) 32.7 % (1284) 34.6 % (640) 17.2 % (1284)
1996 November 1995 election (20) 13.0 % 6.0 % 63.9 % (602) 30.5 % (1992) 39.2 % (369) 14.9 % (971)
2001 November 2003 electronics (16) 6.9 % 0.0 % 56.5 % (633) 38.8 % (943) 49.6 % (310) 17 % (943)
2004 November 2003 electronics (20) 7.0 % 0.0 % 62.2 % (634) 42.9 % (940) 41.1 % (306) 13.7 % (940)
Latvia 1993 September 1993 electronics (3) 21.0 % 7.0 % 66.3 % (1143) 37.5 (2091) 34.7 % (948) 16.1 % (2091)
1995 April 1995 election (5) 22.0 % 11.0 % 63.9 % (649) 37 % (1157) 25.1 % (508) 11.3 % (1157)
1996 November 1995 election (14) 22.0 % 11.0 % 56.7 % (522) 40.2 % (2143) 34.6 % (421) 15.4 % (2143)
2001 October 2002 elections (12) 27.0 % 25.0 % 62.4 % (641) 40.9 % (1001) 33.8 % (360) 12.6 % (1001)
2004 November 2006 elections (23) 31.0 % 23.0 % 59.9 % (589) 38.9 % (956) 35.4 % (367) 14.8 % (956)
Lithuania 1993 September 1992 elections (11) 24.1 % 2.8 % 70 % (1009) 37 % (2012) 42.6 % (1003) 21.4 % (2012)
1995 April 1996 elections (22) 2.8 % 2.8 % 61 % (633) 44.7 % (870) 34.5 % (237) 9.4 % (870)
1996 November 1996 elections (1) 2.8 % 2.8 % 57.4 % (702) 40.5 % (998) 37.5 (296) 11.1 % (998)
2001 October 2000 elections (12) 1.4 % 1.4 % 59.6 % (922) 49.3 % (1124) 32.1 % (202) 6.2 % (1124)
2004 December 2004 elections (2) 0.0 % 1.4 % 38.3 % (891) 37.1 % (1113) 6 % (222) 1.3 % (1113)