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Democracy, Governance, and Emigration Intentions in Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Jonathan Hiskey
  • Jorge Daniel Montalvo
  • Diana Orcés
Article

Abstract

It is now clear that the global shift toward democracy in recent decades has resulted in a highly uneven democratic landscape in which the quality and performance of democracies around the world vary greatly. In an era characterized by increasingly open borders to goods, services, information, and, at times, labor, we argue that poorly performing, uneven democracies have become an important, yet underexplored, component in one’s emigration calculus. We test this argument through analysis of survey data across 22 Latin American countries and find strong and consistent evidence that both the quality of a democratic system and its ability to fulfill basic governance responsibilities influence the degree to which an individual considers emigration as a viable life strategy. These findings in turn have implications for the subsequent impact emigration may have on the democratic development of high migration communities.

Keywords

Democracy Governance Latin America Migration 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Javier Aparicio and Covadonga Meseguer for organizing and inviting us to be a part of the “Politics and Migration in Out-Migration Countries” workshop from which we received tremendous feedback on this work from all of the participants. We would also like to thank Katrina Burgess and Covadonga Meseguer for their tireless work as editors of this collection of works, as well as the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Hiskey
    • 1
  • Jorge Daniel Montalvo
    • 2
  • Diana Orcés
    • 1
  1. 1.Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Universidad de San Francisco de QuitoQuitoEcuador

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