Mosaics of Manufacture: Understanding Industrial Variation in South Asia

  • Adnan NaseemullahEmail author


How might we characterize and explain industrial variation within developing economies? The strategies of manufacturers in India and Pakistan exhibit this variation within countries, sub-national units, and sectors. I argue that, far from being driven by the incentives of state institutions, the practices of industrial firms are driven by the social orientation of industrialists. I demonstrate the presence of variation and explain the dichotomy primarily through empirical research on firms in the pharmaceutical industry, as a least likely case for variation.


Industrialization Developmental state Pharmaceutical industry India Pakistan South Asia 


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GovernmentLondon School of EconomicsLondonUK

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