Professional Identity and Dishonest Behavior
- 530 Downloads
This essay discusses the fraud triangle, or how factors such as opportunity to cheat, motivation to cheat or ability to rationalize or justify dishonest behavior lead to dishonesty. The fraud triangle is applied on behavior of professionals active in fields such as medicine, education, research and science or clergy. Evidence shows that even in these fields, which attract more altruistic individuals, the fraud triangle factors predicts emergence of behavior in breach of ethical standards. In the conclusion several measures for reducing dishonesty are discussed. Disciplines such as forensic economics or behavioral ethics are emphasized to provide wider variety of tools to detect and reduce dishonest behavior.
KeywordsDishonesty Fraud triangle Teachers Academics Researchers Physicians Clergy Ethics
- Busse, M. R., Israeli, A., & Zettelmeyer, F. 2017. Repairing the Damage: The Effect of Price Knowledge and Gender on Auto-Repair Price Quotes. Journal of Marketing Research , 54(1), 75–95. doi: 10.1509/jmr.13.0291.
- Draca, M., Koutmeridis, T., & Machin, S. J. 2015. The changing returns to crime: Do criminals respond to prices? CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP10647. Retrieved from https://ssrn.com/abstract=2615887.
- Falk, A., & Szech, N. 2016. Pleasures of skill and moral conduct. CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5732. Retrieved from https://ssrn.com/abstract=2743194.
- Figlio, D. N., & Getzler, L. S. 2006. Accountability, ability and disability: Gaming the system? In T. J. Gronberg, & D. W. Jansen (Eds.), Advances in applied microeconomics (vol. 14, pp. 35–49). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Gneezy, U., List, J., & Price, M. K. 2012. Toward an understanding of why people discriminate: Evidence from a series of natural field experiments. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series, No. 17855.Google Scholar
- Markowitz, D. M., & Hancock, J. T. 2016. Linguistic Obfuscation in Fraudulent Science. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 35(4), 435–445. doi: 10.1177/0261927x15614605.
- O’Boyle, E. H., Banks, G. C., & Gonzalez-Mulé, E. 2014. The Chrysalis Effect: How Ugly Initial Results Metamorphosize Into Beautiful Articles. Journal of Management , 43(2), 376–399. doi: 10.1177/0149206314527133.
- Simonsohn, U. 2013. Just Post It: The Lesson From Two Cases of Fabricated Data Detected by Statistics Alone. Psychological Science, 24(10), 1875–1888. doi: 10.1177/0956797613480366.
- Vranka, M. A., & Houdek, P. 2015. Many Faces of Bankers’ Identity: How (not) to study dishonesty. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(302). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00302.