The Communitarian Foreign Policy of Amitai Etzioni
Amitai Etzioni’s communitarian perspective offers a comprehensive approach to international affairs in addition to offering guidance for domestic policy. His argument that a focus on traditional “realist” concerns for a nation’s security and interests (“security first”), combined with a dialogue over competing moral imperatives, is more likely to lead to the emergence of an idealist end state--a sustainable international community. His emphasis on gradualism--of breaking apart complex policy goals into small, discrete steps--comes from his assessment that this is a better way of promoting lasting change in the international system. His perspective does not fit neatly into any of the dominant U.S. foreign policy approaches, but his ideas have formed part of the foreign policy debate for the last fifty years.
KeywordsEtzioni Communitarianism Foreign policy Non-proliferation Conflict resolution International order Gradualism Democracy promotion
- Crowe, A. W., Jr., & Chanoff, D. 1993. The Line of Fire: From Washington to the Gulf, the Politics and Battles of the New Military. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 1962. The Hard Way to Peace: A New Strategy. New York: Crowell-Collier Press.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 1964. Winning Without War. Garden City: Doubleday.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 2008. Deproliferation. Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, July 23, at http://thebulletin.org/deproliferation-approach-preventing-nuclear-terrorism-0.
- Etzioni, A. 2004. From Empire to Community. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 1998. Mediation as a World Role for the United States. In W. Eugene (Ed.), The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence (pp. 249–262). New York: Continuum Publishing.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 2001. Political Reunification Revisited: On Building Supranational Communities. Lanham: Lexington.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 2003. My Brother’s Keeper: A Memoir and a Message. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 2007. Security First: For a Muscular, Moral Foreign Policy. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 2012. Hot Spots: American Foreign Policy in a Post-Human-Rights World. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
- Etzioni, A. 2013. Obama’s Foreign Policy: Three Stages of Hope. Huffington Post, January 17, at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/amitai-etzioni/obama-foreign-policy_b_2426868.html.
- Etzioni, A. 2013. MAR: A Model for US-China Relations. The Diplomat, September 20, 2013, at http://thediplomat.com/2013/09/mar-a-model-for-us-china-relations/.
- Flournoy, M., & Davidson, J. 2012. Obama’s New Global Posture. Foreign Affairs, 91(4), 54–63.Google Scholar
- Fry, J. 1993. The Helsinki Process: Negotiating Security and Cooperation in Europe. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press.Google Scholar
- Goldstein, J. S., & Freeman, J. R. 1990. Three Way Street: Strategic Reciprocity in World Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Guzman, R. 2013. VCNO Discusses Big Navy, Regional Topics with GW Sailors. Navy News Service, August 28, at http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=76215.
- Henderson, K. 1993. Advocate for a Community Ethos. Christian Science Monitor, 19, 13.Google Scholar
- Kamminga, M. 2010. Is Neorealism Obsolete? Etzioni’s Communitarian Confirmation of Neorealist Theory. Crossroads, 9(1), 5–39.Google Scholar
- Kimball, D., & Collina T. 2012. The Presidential Nuclear Initiatives (PNIs) on Tactical Nuclear Weapons at a Glance. Arms Control Association, August, at http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/pniglance.
- McNutt, J. 1997. New Communitarian Thought and the Future of Social Policy. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 24(4), 45.Google Scholar
- Nye, J.S., Jr. 2007. American Foreign Policy after Iraq. Chronicle of Higher Education, July 27, at http://chronicle.com/weekly/v53/i47/47b00601.htm.
- Reese-Schaefer, W. 2001. Amitai Etzioni zur Einfuerhrung. Hamburg: Junius.Google Scholar
- Savranskaya, S., & Blanton T. (eds). 2008. Reagan, Gorbachev and Bush at Governor's Island Previously Secret Documents from Soviet and U.S. Files On the 1988 Summit in New York, 20 Years Later (National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 261) (Washington, DC: National Security Archive), at http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB261/.
- Steinberg, J. 2005. Panel presentation. The Intellectual Challenge of Mid-Range Strategy and Planning. Strategy and Policy Planning Workshop of the project, Wielding American Power: Managing Interventions After September 11, co-sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center and the Triangle Institute for Security Studies, February 14–15, at http://tiss.sanford.duke.edu/research/power/Panel1_000.htm.
- Utne Reader. 1995. Amtai Etzioni: America’s communitarian-in-chief. Utne Reader, January/February, at http://www.utne.com/mind-and-body/amitai-etzioni-communitarian-movement.aspx?PageId=2#ArticleContent.
- Wright, R. 1996. The False Value of Politics. Time, September 9, at http://www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/1996/analysis/time/9609/09/wright.shtml.