Advertisement

Society

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 110–117 | Cite as

The Many Facets of Effective Immigration Reform

  • Walter A. Ewing
Symposium: Breaking the Immigration Stalemate

Abstract

The United States needs a new immigration policy that is based less on wishful thinking and more on realism. Spending vast sums of money trying to enforce arbitrary numerical limits on immigration that bear no relationship to economic reality is a fool’s errand. We need flexible limits on immigration that rise and fall with U.S. labor demand, coupled with strict enforcement of tough wage and labor laws that protect all workers, regardless of where they were born. We need to respect the natural human desire for family reunification, while recognizing that even family-based immigrants are unlikely to come here if jobs are not available. And we need to create a pathway to legal status for unauthorized immigrants who are already here so that they can no longer be exploited by unscrupulous employers who hang the threat of deportation over their heads.

Keywords

Immigration enforcement Immigration reform Unauthorized immigration Legalization 

Further Reading

  1. Ahlers, M. M. 2007. ICE: Tab to remove illegal residents would approach $100 billion. CNN, September 12.Google Scholar
  2. Brookings-Duke Immigration Policy Roundtable. 2009. Breaking the immigration stalemate: From deep disagreements to constructive proposals. Washington, DC & Durham, NC: The Brookings Institution & The Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University.Google Scholar
  3. Congressional Budget Office. 2006. S. 2611: Comprehensive immigration reform act of 2006, as introduced on April 7, 2006, pp. 5, 27.Google Scholar
  4. Congressional Budget Office. 2008. Review of H.R. 4088, the Secure America Through Verification and Enforcement Act of 2007, as introduced on November 6, 2007, April 4.Google Scholar
  5. Cornelius, W. A. 2006. Impacts of border enforcement on unauthorized Mexican migration to the United States. Border battles {web site}. New York, NY: Social Science Research Council.Google Scholar
  6. Cornelius, W. A., et al. 2008. Controlling unauthorized immigration from Mexico: The failure of “prevention through deterrence” and the need for comprehensive reform (p. 3). Washington, DC: Immigration Policy Center of the American Immigration Law Foundation and the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at the University of California, San Diego.Google Scholar
  7. Cornelius, W. A., et al. 2009. Current migration trends from Mexico: What are the impacts of the economic crisis and U.S. enforcement strategy? San Diego, CA: Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at the University of California, San Diego.Google Scholar
  8. Dohm, A., & Shniper, L. 2007. Occupational employment projections to 2016. Monthly Labor Review, 130(11), 86–87.Google Scholar
  9. Duleep, H. O., & Regets, M. C. 1996a. Family unification, siblings, and skills. In H. Duleep & P. Wunnava (Eds.), Immigrants and immigration policy: Individual skills, family ties, and group identities (pp. 219–244). Greenwich, CT: JAI.Google Scholar
  10. Duleep, H. O., & Regets, M. C. 1996b. Admission criteria and immigrant earnings profiles. International Migration Review, 30(2), 571–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ewing, W. A. 2005. From denial to acceptance: Effectively regulating immigration to the United States. Stanford Law and Policy Review, 16(2), 445–462.Google Scholar
  12. Ewing, W. A. 2007. Beyond border enforcement: Enhancing national security through immigration reform. Georgetown Journal of Law and Public Policy, 5(2), 427–446.Google Scholar
  13. Ewing, W. 2009. Immigration reform as economic stimulus. Washington, DC: Immigration Policy Center, American Immigration Law Foundation.Google Scholar
  14. Goyle, R., & Jaeger, D. A. 2005. Deporting the Undocumented: A cost assessment. Washington, DC: Center for American Progress.Google Scholar
  15. Haddal, C. C., & Wasem, R. E. 2009. U.S. immigration policy on temporary admissions (p. 27). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.Google Scholar
  16. House Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law. 2007. Is family-based immigration good for the U.S. economy?, Testimony of Harriet Duleep, 110th Cong., 1st sess., May 8.Google Scholar
  17. Immigration Policy Center. 2009. Breaking down the problems: What’s wrong with our current immigration system? Washington, DC: Immigration Policy Center, American Immigration Council.Google Scholar
  18. Jasso, G., & Rosenzweig, M. R. 1995. Do immigrants screened for skills do better than family reunification immigrants? International Migration Review, 29(1), 85–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jimenez, M. 2009. Humanitarian crisis: Migrant deaths at the U.S.-Mexico border (p. 17). San Diego, CA: American Civil Liberties Union of San Diego & Imperial Counties and Mexico’s National Commission of Human Rights.Google Scholar
  20. Massey, D. S., Durand, J., & Malone, N. J. 2002. Beyond smoke and mirrors: Mexican immigration in an era of economic integration (pp. 128–133). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  21. Meissner, D., et al. 2006. Immigration and America’s future: A new chapter—report of the independent task force on immigration and America’s future (pp. 41–42). Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  22. Myers, D. 2007. Immigrants and boomers: Forging a new social contract for the future of America. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  23. Myers, D. 2008. Thinking ahead about our immigrant future: New trends and mutual benefits in our aging society (pp. 8–9). Washington, DC: Immigration Policy Center, American Immigration Law Foundation.Google Scholar
  24. Office of the Inspector General, Social Security Administration. 2006. Congressional response report: Accuracy of the social security administration’s numident file, A-08-06-26100, December, p. 6.Google Scholar
  25. Passel, J. S., & Cohn, D. 2008. Trends in unauthorized immigration: undocumented inflow now trails legal inflow (p. 1). Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center.Google Scholar
  26. Passel, J. S., & Cohn, D. 2009. A portrait of unauthorized immigrants in the United States (p. 1). Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center.Google Scholar
  27. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. 2007. Hearing on the nomination of Julie L. Myers to be assistant secretary, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Department of Homeland Security, 110th Cong., 1st sess., September 12, p. 11.Google Scholar
  28. Sincavage, J. R. 2004. The labor force and unemployment: Three generations of change. Monthly Labor Review, 127(6), 34–35.Google Scholar
  29. The Perryman Group. 2008. An essential resource: An analysis of the economic impact of undocumented workers on business activity in the US with estimated effects by state and by industry, Waco, TX: April, p. 43.Google Scholar
  30. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2005. Budget-in-brief, Fiscal Year 2005, p. 13.Google Scholar
  31. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2006. Budget-in-brief, Fiscal Year 2006, p. 15.Google Scholar
  32. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2007. Budget-in-brief, Fiscal Year 2007, p. 17.Google Scholar
  33. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2008. Budget-in-brief, Fiscal Year 2008, p. 19.Google Scholar
  34. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2009. Budget-in-brief, Fiscal Year 2009, p. 19.Google Scholar
  35. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 2010. Budget-in-brief, Fiscal Year 2010, p. 19.Google Scholar
  36. U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2005. Report to congressional requesters: Immigration enforcement: Weaknesses hinder employment verification and worksite enforcement efforts, GAO-05-813, August, p. 15.Google Scholar
  37. U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2006. Illegal immigration: Border-crossing deaths have doubled since 1995, GAO-06-770, August, pp. 3–4.Google Scholar
  38. U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2008a. Department of labor: Case studies from ongoing work show examples in which wage and hour division did not adequately pursue labor violations, GAO-08-973T, July 15.Google Scholar
  39. U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2008b. Fair labor standards act: Better use of available resources and consistent reporting could improve compliance, GAO-08-962 T, July 15.Google Scholar
  40. U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service. 2003. Estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population residing in the United States: 1990 to 2000, January 31, p. 10.Google Scholar
  41. Wasem, R. E. 2009. U.S. immigration policy on permanent admissions (p. 3). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.Google Scholar
  42. White House. 2005. Economic report of the president, February, p. 107.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Immigration Policy CenterAmerican Immigration CouncilWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations