Crime, Incarceration, and Employment in Light of the Great Recession


This paper analyzes the impact of the 2007 recession on the incarceration of African–Americans. It begins with a brief examination of incarceration, followed by a look at the literature on the relationship between work, crime, and incarceration. Finally, it concludes with the implications of these findings for African–Americans as it relates to the current economic crisis.

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    This is also supported by findings in Raphael and Winter-Ebmer (2001).

  2. 2.

    Please see Holzer et al. (2006).

  3. 3.

    For example, Mustard (2001) finds that there is still racial inequality in sentencing even after the enactment of the Sentencing Reform Act: blacks, males, and individuals with low socioeconomic status receive much longer sentences.


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Correspondence to Robynn Cox.

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Cox, R. Crime, Incarceration, and Employment in Light of the Great Recession. Rev Black Polit Econ 37, 283–294 (2010).

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  • Recession
  • Incarceration
  • Employment
  • African–Americans
  • Labor market
  • Unemployment
  • Low-skilled