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Table 4 Characteristics of Michigan farms and farm operators as well as black farms and farm operators

From: Black Farmers in the USA and Michigan: Longevity, Empowerment, and Food Sovereignty

Farm characteristics 2012 2007
All Michigan farms and operators Black farms and operators All Michigan farms and operators Black farms and operators
Number of farms 52,194 271 56,014 292
Total acreage of farms 9,948,564 19,369 10,031,807 20,588
Average size of farms (acres) 191 71 179 71
Average market value of products sold $166,265 $35,384 $102,710 $20,903
Average government payments to farms $7567 $4219 $5115 $3073
Average farm production expenses $133,006 $36,666 $85,457 $22,461
Average net cash farm income $42,738 $2107 $23,628 $621
Types of farms operated (number of farms)
 Oilseed and grains 18,514 47 17,140 39
 Vegetables and melon 2793 35 2871 35
 Fruit and tree nut 2304 38 3407 48
 Greenhouse, nursery, and floriculture 2235 19 2128 10
 Cut Christmas trees and woody crops 826 3 900 1
 Other crops and hay 13,067 34 14,547 29
 Beef, cattle, calves, ranching 10,677 25 11,631 31
 Hogs and pigs 2150 18 2930 21
 Poultry and egg production 4565 19 4831 42
 Sheep and goats 2544 14 2409a 2
 Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys 2796 19 3010 11
 Animal aquaculture and other production 70 4 87  
 Other animals and animal products 1451 11 1497 4
Top crop items (number of farms)
 Soybeans for beans 12,059 31 13,768 19
 Corn for grain 13,907 19 10,461 28
 Forage, all 20,511 57 21,853 53
 Winter wheat for grain 6241 8 6263 6
 Land in berries 1444 43 1636 45
Top livestock inventory items (number of farms)
 Layers—hens 6783 46 5247 44
 Cattle and calves 13,626 43 14,454 46
 Horses and ponies 12,413 69 14,647 70
 Broilers and other meat-type chickens 1124 8 1088  
Years on present farm
 2 years or less 1047 43 1691 21
 3 or 4 years 1948 29 3022 31
 5 to 9 years 6318 66 8258 82
 10 years or more 42,014 218 43,043 235
Age group
 Under 35 years 2980 23 2931 56
 35 to 44 years 5761 43 7334
 45 to 64 years 27,412 160 30,528 201
 65 years or older 16,041 130 15,221 112
Average age (of all operators) 57.6 58.5 56.3 57.2
  1. Compiled from U.S. Department of Agriculture 2014. 2012 Census of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.: National Agricultural Statistics Service. Available at: https://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2012 /index.php; U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2009. 2007 Census of Agriculture. Washington, D.C.: National Agricultural Statistics Service. Available at: https://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007 /index.php
  2. aThis includes sheep and lamb only