Advertisement

Journal of African American Studies

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 268–299 | Cite as

The Sixth Zone: The African Diaspora and the African Union’s Global Era Pan Africanism

  • Rita Kiki EdozieEmail author
Articles

Abstract

What lies behind the sustained idea of “Pan African Unity”, beginning with the early 1900s Diaspora Pan African congresses, through its emergence as state-centric Pan Africanism in an age of independence, and to its current dispensation as the “third stage” Pan Africanism manifest by Africa’s African Union (Murithi)? The article examines the manner that the African Union is socioculturally sculpting and re-inventing the universality of the African identity and Pan African Nation. In it, we demonstrate how the African Union (AU) is re-appropriating the idea of Pan Africanism among African and African descendent peoples around the world, and using it creatively to mobilize a reconstruction of a global “African World View”. This, perspective represents the more nuanced, subtle, invisible—though ideational—bases through which the AU exerts its political power and will to reverse its marginalized circumstance and engage geopolitically in a self-determined posture. Here, we see the role that culture plays in the AU’s global governance objectives. We argue that AU cultural globalization rather than “essentialist”, “purist”, or “racialist” (Gilroy 1993, Appiah 1992) is in effect pluralist, hybrid, transformationalist, and premised on the sustained memory of a global, trans-generational shared set of experiences that have been drawn from as well as reformulated around the idea of Pan Africanism; but that its prospects for fostering political union and assigning citizenship rights to African and African descendent peoples is still an illusion.

Keywords

Pan Africanism African Union Globalization Culture Identity International organizations 

References

  1. African Union Sixth Region Diaspora Caucus New York/SRDC Report on Town Hall Gathering, URL: http://au6ny.tripod.com/id16.html
  2. Akokpari, J., Ndinga-Muvumba, A., & Murithi, T. (2008) The African Union and Its Institutions. Auckland Park, South Africa: Fanele; [Cape Town]: Centre for Conflict ResolutionGoogle Scholar
  3. Akukwe, C. (2006) “Ghana: Growing Momentum for Africa”, allafrica.com 16 August 2006, URL: http://allafrica.com/stories/200608160832.html
  4. Appiah, K. (1992). In my father’s house: Africa in the philosophy of culture. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Davis, C.B. and M’Bow, B. (2007) Towards African Diaspora Citizenship. In: Katherine Mckittrick and Clyde Woods (Eds.), Black geographies and the politics of place. South End Press.Google Scholar
  6. Drake, St. Clair, and Horace R. Cayton (1993). Black Metropolis: a Study of Negro Life in a Northern City. 1st ed. University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  7. Du Bois, W. E. B. (1979) The World and Africa. International Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Esedebe, O. (1982) cited in unpublished conference proceedings paper by Tama E M’Bayo, Diaspora Paradigms: New Scholarship in Comparative Black History, September, 2011.Google Scholar
  9. Gilroy, P. (1993) The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double-Consciousness. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hamilton, R. S. (2007). Routes of passage: rethinking the African Diaspora. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Held, David, ed. (2000). A Globalizing World?: Culture, Economics, Politics. Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Johnson, S. (1998) Black Globalism: The International Politics of a Non-State Nation, Dartmouth Pub Co.Google Scholar
  13. Kloman, E. (1962). African Unification movements. International Organizations, 16(2), 387–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kornegay, Francis. (2009) “The AU and Africa’s Three Diasporas.” The African Union and Its Institutions. Ed. John Akokpari et al. Jacana Media. Print.Google Scholar
  15. May, Vivian (2007). Anna Julia Cooper, Visionary Black feminist, Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Mazrui A (1967). Africans and African Americans in changing world trends: globalizing the black experience. In: Hasanat A. Satti, Omer Ahmed Sa’eed, Al-Tayib M. Osman, Abdel Al-Gayoum A. Al-Hassan, and Yusuf K. Abu-Rafas (eds.). Africa in the post Cold War era. Khartoum, Sudan: International University of Africa Press. pp. 1–19Google Scholar
  17. Muchie, Mammo (2003). The Making of the Africa-Nation: Pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance Adonis and Abbey.Google Scholar
  18. Mudimbe, V.Y. (1999). The Idea of Africa. Indiana University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  19. Mwakikagile, Godfrey (2007). Relations between Africans and African Americans: misconceptions, myths and realities. New Africa Press.Google Scholar
  20. Nkrumah, K. (1963). Class struggle in Africa. London: Panaf Books Ltd. Print.Google Scholar
  21. Okpewho, I., Davies, C. B., & Mazrui, A. A. (2001). The African Diaspora: African origins and new world identities. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Patterson, T., & Kelley, D. G. (2000). Unfinished migrations: reflections on the African Diaspora and the making of the modern world. African Studies Review, 43(1), 11–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pieterse, J. N. (2009). Globalization and culture: global mélange (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  24. Poe, D. Z. (2003). Kwame Nkrumah’s Contribution to Pan-African agency: an Afrocentric analysis (1st ed.). London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. African Union Press Release: Report of the Meeting of Experts from Member States on the Definition of the African Diaspora, Meeting of Experts on the Definition of the African Diaspora 11–12 April 2005 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  26. Sherwood, M. (2010). Henry Sylvester Williams, Africa, and the African Diaspora. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Shivji, Issa. Tanzania Nyerere, Nationalism and Pan-Africanism. Accessed from: http://www.jamiiforums.com/jukwaa-la-siasa/119149-tanzania-nyerere-nationalism-and-pan-africanism.html. Accessed on: 18 Mar 2011
  28. Walters, R. W. (1997). Pan Africanism in the African Diaspora: An analysis of modern Afrocentric political movements. Detroit MI: Wayne State University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Zahorka, H.-J. (2002). The foundation of the African Union: international internet press clippings (with the constitutive act of the African Union), 08th/09th July, 2002 European Center for Transnational Integration Studies, Sindelfingen, Libertas.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations