Geographical Cues and Developmental Exposure
- 272 Downloads
The current study assessed potential relationships among childhood wayfinding experience, navigational style, and adult wayfinding anxiety in the Faroe Islands. The Faroe Islands are of interest because they have an unusual geography that may promote the use of an orientational style of navigation (e.g., use of cardinal directions). Faroese adults completed questionnaires assessing (1) their permitted childhood range sizes, (2) the types of navigational strategies they use, and (3) the amount of anxiety they experience when navigating in adulthood. Males had more childhood wayfinding experience, used the orientation strategy at a higher rate, and showed lower levels of wayfinding anxiety. When compared with other cultures, both Faroese women and men appear to embrace orientation strategies at an unusually high rate. Childhood experience was not conclusively linked to later wayfinding anxiety. However, the current findings raise the possibility that children who have particularly small ranges in childhood may be especially anxious when navigating in adulthood.
KeywordsNavigational style Parental permissiveness Restrictive parenting Spatial anxiety Spatial cognition
I thank the Spatial Cognition and Navigation Project for their funding (National Science Foundation IBSS 1329091), my local contact Eiler Fagraklett for his assistance with data collection, and Luke Ayers for his technical support.
- Føroya, H. (2014). Faroe Islands in figures, 2014. Retrieved from http://www.hagstova.fo/sites/default/files/Faroe%20Islands%20in%20figures%202014_0.pdf.
- Gaffin, D. (1996). In place: spatial and social order in a Faeroe islands community. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
- Gaini, F. (2013). Lessons of islands: place and identity in the Faroe Islands. Fróðskapur: Faroe University Press.Google Scholar
- Hart, R. (1979). Children's experience of place. New York: Irvington.Google Scholar
- Hillman, M., Adams, J., & Whitelegg, J. (1990). One false move: A study of children’s independent mobility. London: Policy Studies Institute.Google Scholar
- Kyttä, M. (1997). Children’s independent mobility in urban, small town, and rural environments. In R. Cammstra (Ed.), Growing up in a changing urban landscape (pp. 41–52). Assen: Royal Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
- Prezza, M. (2007). Children's independent mobility: a review of recent Italian literature. Children, Youth and Environments, 17(4), 293–318.Google Scholar
- Prezza, M., Pilloni, S., Morabito, C., Sersante, C., Alparone, F. R., & Giuliani, M. V. (2001). The influence of psychosocial and environmental factors on children's independent mobility and relationship to peer frequentation. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 11(6), 435–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Schug, M. G. (2016). Equal children play best: raising independent Faroese children in the Nordic welfare state. In J. DeLoache, & A. Gottlieb (Eds.), World of babies: imagined childcare guides for nine societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (in press).Google Scholar
- United Nations Statistics Division (2008). Demographic statistics. Retrieved from http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=POPandf=tableCode%3A240