Ainsworth, M. (1996) Economic aspects of child fostering in Cote d’Ivoire. In P. Schultz (Ed.) Research in population economics vol. 8 (pp. 25–62). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Akresh, R. (2009). Flexibility of household structure in child fostering decisions in Burkina Faso. Journal of Human Resources, 44, 976–997.
Alber, E. (2003). Denying biological parenthood: fosterage in Northern Benin. Ethnos, 68, 487–506.
Anokhi, P., DeSilva, M. B., Cakwe, M., Quinlan, R., Simon, J., Skalicky, A., & Zhuwau, R. (2007). Exploring the Cinderella myth: intrahousehold differences in child wellbeing between orphans and non-orphans in Amajuba district, south africa. AIDS, 21, S95–S103.
Betzig, L. (1988). Adoption by rank on Ifaluk. American Anthropologist, 90, 111–119.
Bledsoe, C. (1990). No success without struggle: social mobility and hardship for foster children in Sierra Leone. Man, 25, 70–88.
Bledsoe, C., Ewbank, D. C., & Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C. (1988). The effect of child fostering on feeding practices and access to health services in rural Sierra Leone. Social Science and Medicine, 27, 627–636.
Bledsoe, C., & Isiugo-Abanihe, U. (1989). Strategies of child-fosterage among Mende grannies in Sierra Leone. In R. J. Lesthaeghe (Ed.), Reproduction and social organization in sub-Saharan Africa (pp. 442–474). Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bollig, M. (2006). Risk management in a hazardous environment: a comparative study of two pastoral societies. New York: Springer.
Borgerhoff-Mulder, M. (1985). Bridewealth and its correlates: quantifying changes over time. Current Anthropology, 36, 573–603.
Bowie, F. (Ed.). (2004). Cross-cultural approaches to adoption. London: Routledge.
Carroll, V. (1970). Adoption on Nukuoro. In B. Carroll (Ed.), Adoption in Eastern Oceania (pp. 121–157). Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Castle, S. E. (1995). Child fostering and children’s nutritional outcomes in rural Mali: the role of female status in directing child transfers. Social Science and Medicine, 40, 679–693.
Daly, M., & Wilson, M. (1985). Child abuse and other risks of not living with both parents. Ethology and Sociobiology, 6, 197–210.
Goody, J. (1969). Adoption in cross-cultural perspective. Comparative Studies in Social History, 11, 55–78.
Guemple, L. (1979). Inuit Adoption. Canadian Ethnology Service, Mercury Series No. 47. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada.
Hawkes, K., O’Connell, J. F., & Blurton Jones, N. G. (1997). Hadza women’s time allocation, offspring provisioning, and the evolution of long postmenopausal life spans. Current Anthropology, 38, 551–577.
Hawkes, K., O’Connell, J. F., Blurton Jones, N. G., Alvarez, H., & Charnov, E. L. (1998). Grandmothering, menopause and the evolution of human life histories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 95, 1336–1339.
Hill, K., & Hurtado, A. M. (1996). Ache life history: the ecology and demography of a foraging people. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Hrdy, S. B. (2005). Cooperative breeders with an ace in the hole. In E. Voland, A. Chasiotis, & W. Schiefencovel (Eds.), Grandmotherhood: The evolutionary significance of the second half of female life (pp. 295–317). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
Hrdy, S. B. (2009). Mothers and others. Cambridge: Belknap.
Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C. (1985). Child fosterage in West Africa. Population and Development Review, 11, 53–73.
Lindblade, K. A., Odihambo, F., Rosen, D. H., & DeCock, K. M. (2003). Health and nutritional status of orphans <6 years old care for by relatives in western Kenya. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 8, 67–72.
Little, M. A., Galvin, K., & Mugambi, M. (1983). Cross-sectional growth of nomadic Turkana pastoralists. Human Biology, 55, 811–830.
Mace, R. (2000). Evolutionary ecology of human life history. Animal Behavior, 59, 1–10.
Madhavan, S., & Townsend, N. (2007). The social context of children’s nutritional status in rural South Africa. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 35, 107–117.
Malan, J. S. (1973). Double descent among the Himba of South West Africa. Cimbebasia, 2, 81–112.
Malan, J. S. (1995). Peoples of Namibia. Pretoria: Haum.
Monasch, R., & Boerma, J. T. (2004). Orphanhood and childcare patterns in sub-Saharan Africa: an analysis of national surveys from 40 countries. AIDS, 18, S55–S65.
Oleke, C., Blystad, A., Moland, K. M., Rekdal, O. B., & Heggenhougen, K. (2006). The varying vulnerability of African orphans: the case of the Langi, northern Uganda. Childhood, 13, 267–284.
Pennington, R. (1991). Child fostering as a reproductive strategy among southern African pastoralists. Ethology and Sociobiology, 12, 83–104.
RendeTaylor, L. (2005). Patterns of child fosterage in rural northern Thailand. Journal of Biosocial Science, 37, 333–350.
Sahlins, M. D. (1976). The use and abuse of biology: An anthropological critique of sociobiology. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Scelza, B. A. (2011a). Female mobility and postmarital kin access in a patrilocal society. Human Nature, 22, 377–393.
Scelza, B. A. (2011b). Female choice and extra-pair paternity in a traditional human population. Biology Letters, 7, 889–891.
Scelza, B. A. (2014). Jealousy in a small-scale, natural fertility population: the roles of paternity, investment and love in jealous response. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 103–108.
Sear, R., & Mace, R. (2008). Who keeps children alive? A review of the effects of kin on child survival. Evolution and Human Behavior, 29, 1–18.
Sear, R., Mace, R., & McGregor, I. (2000). Maternal grandmothers improve nutritional status and survival of children in rural Gambia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 267, 1641–1647.
Sellen, D. W. (2000). Age, sex and anthropometric status of children in an African pastoral community. Annals of Human Biology, 27, 345–365.
Shell-Duncan, B. (1994). Child fostering among nomadic Turkana pastoralists: demographic and health consequences. In E. Fratkin, K. A. Galvin, & E. A. Roth (Eds.), African pastoralist systems: An integrated approach (pp. 147–164). Boulder, CO: Rienner.
Silk, J. B. (1980). Adoption and kinship in Oceania. American Anthropologist, 82, 799–820.
Silk, J. B. (1987a). Adoption among the Inuit. Ethos, 15, 320–330.
Silk, J. B. (1987b). Adoption and fosterage in human societies: Adaptations or enigmas? Cultural Anthropology, 2, 39–49.
Silk, J. B. (1990). Human adoption in evolutionary perspective. Human Nature, 1, 25–52.
Sudre, P., Serdula, M., Binkin, N., Staehling, N., & Kramer, M. (1990). Child fostering, health and nutritional status: the experience of Swaziland. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 24, 181–188.
Trivers, R. L. (1972). Parental investment and sexual selection. In B. Campbell (Ed.), Sexual selection and the descent of man (pp. 136–179). Chicago: Aldine.
Trivers, R. L. (1974). Parent-offspring conflict. American Zoologist, 14, 249–264.
Volk, A. A. (2011). Adoption: forms, functions and preferences. In C. Salmon & T. Shackelford (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Family Psychology (pp.113–127). NY: Oxford University Press.