Advertisement

Human Nature

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 317–330 | Cite as

Assortative Pairing and Life History Strategy

A Cross-Cultural Study
  • Aurelio José FigueredoEmail author
  • Pedro S. A. Wolf
Article

Abstract

A secondary analysis was performed on preliminary data from an ongoing cross-cultural study on assortative pairing. Independently sampled pairs of opposite-sex romantic partners and of same-sex friends rated themselves and each other on Life History (LH) strategy and mate value. Data were collected in local bars, clubs, coffeehouses, and other public places from three different cultures: Tucson, Arizona; Hermosillo, Sonora; and San José, Costa Rica. The present analysis found that slow LH individuals assortatively pair with both sexual and social partners more strongly than fast LH individuals. We interpret this phenomenon as representing (1) an adaptation for preserving coadapted genomes in slow LH strategists to maintain high copying fidelity genetic replication while producing a lower number of offspring in stable, predictable, and controllable environments and (2) a bet-hedging adaptation in fast LH strategists, favoring the genetic diversification of a higher number of offspring in unstable, unpredictable, and uncontrollable environments.

Keywords

Assortative mating Life history strategy Mate value Bet-hedging Genetic similarity theory 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank the international team of collaborators that is conducting this ongoing cross-cultural study, including Martha Frías Armenta and Victor Corral Verdugo in Mexico, and Carolina Vargas Porras in Costa Rica, Jelena Čvorović in Serbia, Vincent Egan in the United Kingdom, and Jon Sefcek, Julie Douglas, and Geneva Vásquez in the United States of America. We also thank the many research assistants, too numerous to list here, who helped collect these data, and the three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and insightful questions on this manuscript.

References

  1. Charnov, E. L. (1993). Life history invariants: Some explorations of symmetry in evolutionary ecology. New York: Oxford University.Google Scholar
  2. D’Abramo, L. R. (1980). Ingestion rate decrease as the stimulus for sexuality in populations of Moina macrocopa. Limnology and Oceanography, 25(3), 442–429.Google Scholar
  3. Egan, V., Figueredo, A. J., Wolf, P., McBride, K., Sefcek, J. A., Vásquez, G., et al. (2005). Sensational interests, mating effort, and personality: evidence for cross-cultural validity. Journal of Individual Differences, 26(1), 11–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ellis, B. J., Figueredo, A. J., Brumbach, B. H., & Schlomer, G. (2009). Fundamental dimensions of environmental risk: the impact of harsh versus unpredictable environments on the evolution and development of life history strategies. Human Nature, 20, 204–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Figueredo, A. J. (2007). A cross-cultural study of assortative pairing for sensational interests, mate value, life history, and delinquency. Abstract. Revista Mexicana de Psicología, Número Especial: XV Congreso Mexicano de Psicología, 6.Google Scholar
  6. Figueredo, A. J., Vásquez, G., Brumbach, B. H., & Schneider, S. M. R. (2004). The heritability of life history strategy: the K-factor, covitality, and personality. Social Biology, 51, 121–143.Google Scholar
  7. Figueredo, A. J., Hammond, K. R., & McKiernan, E. C. (2006a). A Brunswikian evolutionary developmental theory of preparedness and plasticity. Intelligence, 34(2), 211–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Figueredo, A. J., Sefcek, J. A., & Jones, D. N. (2006b). The ideal romantic partner personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 413–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Figueredo, A. J., Vásquez, G., Brumbach, B. H., Schneider, S. M. R., Sefcek, J. A., Tal, I. R., et al. (2006c). Consilience and life history theory: from genes to brain to reproductive strategy. Developmental Review, 26, 243–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Figueredo, A. J., Vásquez, G., Brumbach, B. H., & Schneider, S. M. R. (2007). The K-factor, covitality, and personality: a psychometric test of life history theory. Human Nature, 18(1), 47–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hamilton, W. D. (1964). The genetic evolution of social behavior. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 7, 17–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hamilton, W. D. (1970). Selfish and spiteful behavior in an evolutionary model. Nature, 228, 1218–1220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hamilton, W. D. (1971). Selection of selfish and altruistic behaviors in some extreme models. In J. F. Eisenberg & W. S. Dillon (Eds.), Man and beast: Comparative social behavior (pp. 57–91). Washington: Smithsonian Institution.Google Scholar
  14. Hamilton, W. D., Axelrod, R., & Tanese, R. (1990). Sexual reproduction as an adaptation to resist parasites (A review). Proceedings of the Nation Acadamy of Science, 87, 3566–3573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kirsner, B. R., Figueredo, A. J., & Jacobs, W. J. (2003). Self, friends, and lovers: structural relations among Beck depression inventory scores and perceived mate values. Journal of Affective Disorders, 75, 131–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kondrashov, A. S. (1988). Deleterious mutations and the evolution of sexual reproduction. Nature, 336, 435–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Maynard Smith, J. (1978). The evolution of sex. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Miller, G. (2000). Mental traits as fitness indicators. In D. LeCrosy & P. Moller (Eds.), Evolutionary perspectives on human reproductive behavior (pp. 62–74). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  19. Murphy, G. I. (1968). Pattern in life history and the environment. American Naturalist, 102, 391–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Olderbak, S. G., & Figueredo, A. J. (2009a). Predicting romantic relationship satisfaction from life history strategy. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 604–610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Olderbak, S. G., & Figueredo, A. J. (2009b). Comparing assortative mating and life history strategy as predictors of relationship satisfaction longitudinally. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  22. Roff, D. (1992). The evolution of life histories: Theory and analysis. New York: Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
  23. Roff, D. (2002). Life history evolution. Sunderland: Sinauer.Google Scholar
  24. Rushton, J. P. (1989). Genetic similarity, human altruism, and group selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 503–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Smith, M. J. (1978). The evolution of sex. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Snell, T. W. (1986). Effect of temperature, salinity, and food level on sexual and asexual reproduction in Bronchionus plicatilis (Rotifera). Marine Biology, 92, 157–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stearns, S. C. (1992). The evolution of life histories. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Tsytsugina, V. G., & Polikarpov, G. G. (2003). Radiological effects on populations of Oligochaeta in the Chernobyl contaminated zone. Journal Environmental Radioactivity, 66, 141–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ware, J. E., & Sherbourne, C. D. (1992). The MOS 36-item short-form health care survey (SF-36): I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Medical Care, 30, 473–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Weiss, A., Egan, V., & Figueredo, A. J. (2004). Sensational interests as a form of intrasexual competition. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 563–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wenner, C. J., Figueredo, A. J., Rushton, J. P., & Jacobs, W. J. (2005). Profiling approaches to life and employment (PALE). Paper presented in the session on “Life history strategy and mental abilities” at the annual meeting of the International Society for Intelligence Research, Albuquerque, New Mexico.Google Scholar
  32. Wenner, C. J., Figueredo, A. J., Rushton, J. P., & Jacobs, W. J. (2009). Profiling approaches to life and employment. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  33. West-Eberhard, M. J. (2003). Developmental plasticity and evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Wolf, P. S. A., & Figueredo, A. J. (2009). Theoretical limits of a slow life history strategy. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations